국제형사재판소, 알-카다피 체포영장 발부 2011년 6월 27일
적도기니 정부가 수도 말라보(Malabo)에서 23일 열릴 예정인 아프리카연합 정상회담을 앞두고 표현의 자유를 가혹하게 진압하고 있다며 이를 즉각중지하라고 국제앰네스티가 20일 밝혔다.
최근 몇 달간 반정부인사뿐만 아니라 학생 100여 명이 자의적으로 체포돼 구금됐다. 이는 정상회담 기간 동안 모든 시위를 막기 위한 사전 예방책으로 보인다. 구금된 이들 중 다수가 부당대우를 당한 것으로 알려졌다.
ICC ISSUES ARREST WARRANT FOR AL-GADDAFI
27 June 2011
Colonel M’uammar al-Gaddafi and other senior Libyan government figures must be arrested and handed over to the International Criminal Court (ICC) to face trial for alleged serious human rights crimes, Amnesty International said today.
ICC judges today approved warrants for the arrest of al-Gaddafi, his son Saif al-Islam al-Gaddafi and military intelligence chief Abdallah al-Sanussi for alleged crimes against humanity, including murder and persecution.
“Justice must be delivered to the victims of serious human rights abuses and violations of international humanitarian law committed in Libya during and following the brutal repression of pro-reform protests earlier this year,” said Michael Bochenek, Director of Law and Policy at Amnesty International.
“Al-Gaddafi and others who are accused of orchestrating this bloody crackdown must be held to account.”
Al-Gaddafi is accused of ordering a wave of killings and enforced disappearances of suspected critics of the government after protests against his rule began in February in Benghazi, inspired by mass protests across the Middle East and North Africa.
When ICC Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo requested the arrest warrants in mid-May, he alleged that the three suspects had committed widespread and systematic attacks against civilians.
Amnesty International’s research in Libya has repeatedly pointed to evidence of possible crimes against humanity and war crimes. These include a pattern of repeated and widespread indiscriminate attacks by al-Gaddafi forces on residential areas in Misratah, using “Grad” rockets, mortars and cluster bombs.
“A failure to arrest and prosecute the accused men would send a disturbing message that such crimes can continue to be committed with impunity,” said Michael Bochenek. “No one should be allowed to evade international justice.”
All UN member states are obliged to deny safe haven to those accused of crimes under international law.
This is the second time that an ICC arrest warrant has been issued for a sitting head of state – Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir has faced arrest since 2009 on charges of genocide, crimes and humanity and war crimes.