국제앰네스티는 이집트 당국에 지난 11월 28일에 있었던 의원선거를 휩쓴 살해와 폭력 및 인권침해 사건에 관해 철저히 조사 할 것을 요청했다.
이집트 하원의원을 선출하는 과정에서 최소한 8명이 사망했고 더 많은 수의 사람들이 부상당한 것으로 알려져 있다. 아시아웃(Assyout)과 와디 나트로운(Wadi Natroun)지역에서는 2명의 사람들이 보안군에 의해 사망했고 아직 정확한 정황은 알려지지 않았으나 시위대를 진압하는 과정에서 보안군이 실탄을 사용한 것으로 보고 있다.
국제앰네스티는 이집트 선거직후 유권자들이 직면한 폭력과 위협에 대한 우려를 표명한 바 있다. 이를 감시한 인권단체들 또한 정부관계자에 의해 괴롭힘을 당한 것으로 알려졌다.
또한, 선거 전에는 180여명의 무슬림형제단 단원들이 불합리한 이유로 임의구금을 당했다.
국제앰네스티 말콤 스마트 중동•북아메리카 국장은 이와 관련해 “이집트 당국은 선거일을 피로 물들인 사망사건과 폭력사건에 관해 독립적인 수사를 진행해야 한다”고 밝히며 “이집트의 유권자들은 보안군에 위협을 받는 것이 아니라 안전을 의지할 수 있어야 한다”고 말했다.
EGYPT PARLIAMENTARY ELECTION VIOLENCE MUST BE INVESTIGATED
30 November 2010Amnesty International today called on the Egyptian authorities to fully investigate the deaths, violence and other human rights abuses that marred last Sunday’s parliamentary elections.
At least eight people are reported to have died and scores more wounded across the country as Egyptians went to the polls to elect members to the lower house of parliament, the People’s Assembly. Two people are reported to have been killed by security forces in Assyout and Wadi Natroun in circumstances which remain unclear but which may have involved the use of live fire when dispersing crowds.
The other deaths are believed to have been the result of clashes between rival political parties.
“The Egyptian authorities must now open independent investigations into the deaths and allegations of violence that have, once again, cast a bloody shadow over Election Day,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“Egyptian voters should have been able to rely on the security forces to ensure their safety not pose a threat to it.”
Amnesty International is concerned that Egyptians turning out to vote were subjected to violence and intimidation during election day, including beatings by security forces, and other violence as revealed by mobile phone footage posted on the internet.
Footage also appears to show voters caught in the middle of violent clashes between supporters of rival candidates mostly belonging to the banned Muslim Brotherhood and the ruling National Democratic Party (NDP).
“The Egyptian authorities must not ignore the damning footage of violence and intimidation that is emerging,” said Malcolm Smart.
“They must give clear instructions to their security forces to protect voters and uphold their rights, and that of candidates, without discrimination during the runoff voting on 5 December – if further violence and human rights abuses such as those that occurred on Sunday are to be avoided.”
The Muslim Brotherhood, the largest organized political opposition to the ruling NDP, has said around 180 of its members and supporters were arbitrary arrested.
Representatives of Egyptian human rights organizations were effectively barred from monitoring the voting by security forces, despite holding permits issued by the High Elections Commission (HEC), the official body charged with supervising the elections. Some human rights monitors were reportedly assaulted by security officials.
Despite this, the HEC said late on Sunday that the elections had been “calm and orderly” with only limited instances of violence.
Egyptian human rights organizations are currently documenting the violence that occurred on election day. They have established a task force, hosted by El Nadim Centre for Rehabilitation of Victims of Violence, to investigate and verify reported incidents of violence. Local NGOs also formed the Egyptian Coalition for Monitoring Elections and the Independent Coalition for Election Monitoring, to monitor the conduct of the election and voting.
On Sunday, voters reported that they found some polling stations closed for several hours, while at other polling stations, security forces turned voters away. Journalists covering the elections for Ahram Online, Al-Dostour, Al Jazeera and el-Youm el-Saba’a newspaper say they were harassed and in some cases arrested by security forces.