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이스라엘, 베두인 마을 철거 중단해야


국제앰네스티는 지난 7월부터 일곱번씩이나 베두인(Bedouin) 마을을 철거한 이스라엘 당국을 규탄한다

이스라엘 국토부 당국은 지난 11월 22일, 지난 달 알-‘아라킵 마을을 철거한 뒤 다시 세워진 가건물들을 또 한번 철거했다. 이곳에 사는 모든 주민들은 이스라엘 시민이며 진압경찰에 의해 다시 한번 추방 당했다.

알-‘아라킵 마을은 주민들이 정당한 이스라엘 시민권 소지하고 오랜 시간 토지소유권을 가지고 있었음에도 불구하고 이스라엘 당국으로부터 공식 인정받지 못한 40여개의 팔레스타인 마을 중 하나이다. 이스라엘 당국은 지난 7월 27일부터 이 마을의 철거를 실시해 왔으며 첫 번째 철거에는 무려 1000여명의 진압경찰이 최소 47가구를 철거 했다. 그럼에도 불구하고 마을사람들은 이주하기를 거부했고 가건물을 세워 살아가고 있던 중 이번 철거가 실시됐다.

이 외에도 이스라엘 정부는 웨스트 뱅크 및 팔레스타인 거주지역의 “미확인” 마을들을 차례로 철거해 왔다.“우리는 알-아라킵 마을 주민들을 수 세대에 걸쳐 살아온 땅에서 쫓아내려 하는 이 철거를 규탄한다”고 국제앰네스티 필립 루터 중동•북아프리카국 부국장은 말했다. 또한 그는 “같은 방법의 철거가 지난 4개월 동안 무려 7번이나 있었다는 것은 이스라엘 정부가 단순한 실수로 인해 이 같은 일들을 자행하는 것이 아니라 정부의 공식적인 몰수정책에 의한 일 이란 것을 보여준다”며 이스라엘 정부를 규탄했다.

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ISRAEL CONDEMNED OVER BEDOUIN VILLAGE DEMOLITION

25 November 2010Amnesty International has condemned the Israeli authorities following the demolition of a Bedouin village in southern Israel for the seventh time since July.

Makeshift homes that residents of al-‘Araqib village in the Negev had erected after a previous demolition last month were bulldozed on 22 November by the Israel Lands Administration. The residents, all Israeli citizens, were again evicted by riot police.

“We condemn these repeated demolitions that aim to forcibly evict the residents of al-‘Araqib from the land they have on lived for generations,” said Philip Luther, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“The fact that the village has been demolished seven times in four months shows that this is not some administrative mistake but a conscious Israeli government policy of dispossession.”

The village of al-‘Araqib is one of more than 40 Arab villages in Israel not recognized by the Israeli authorities, despite the residents’ Israeli citizenship and their long-established claims to their lands.

Residents of these “unrecognized” villages, many of which are located in Israel’s Negev desert, lack security of tenure and services including water and electricity.

At least 50 of the 250 residents of al-‘Araqib village are again living in the ruins of their homes, attempting to rebuild them. Others are camping in tents in the village cemetery.

As in previous demolitions, no eviction or demolition order was presented to the inhabitants. Israeli authorities have previously detained residents and their supporters when they demanded to see a demolition order.

Israeli media reported in early 2010 that the government had decided to triple the demolition rate of Bedouin constructions in the Negev. As the government does not recognize the villagers’ land tenure, it maintains that their settlements are illegal. Al-‘Araqib village was first demolished by the authorities on 27 July 2010, and residents were evicted by a force of over 1,000 riot police officers. At least 46 homes were destroyed, thousands of olive trees and other crops uprooted, and possessions including electricity generators, vehicles and refrigerators confiscated.

Villagers refused to leave their land, and rebuilt makeshift shelters to live in. These were again demolished by government officials accompanied by riot police on 4 August, 10 August, 17 August at dawn during Ramadan while the villagers were fasting, on 12 September, 13 October, and again this week.

In addition to the demolitions in al-‘Araqib, the Israeli authorities have demolished Palestinian homes this week in the occupied West Bank, including East Jerusalem. On 24 November, the Jerusalem municipality demolished a home in the al-Tur neighbourhood of East Jerusalem as well as nine structures used by Palestinian businesses in Issawiye and Hizma. On the same day the Israeli military demolished three buildings in Jiftlik and another in Qarawat Bani Hassan, both villages in the West Bank.

Today Israeli forces demolished seven structures in Khirbet Yarza, including two homes and a mosque, and another residential building in al-Rifa’iyya; both are villages in the West Bank.

Dozens of Palestinians have been made homeless as a result of these demolitions, while others have had their livelihoods devastated.

“The Israeli government must stop its policy of home demolitions both in communities inside Israel, such as al-‘Araqib in the Negev, and also in the occupied West Bank including East Jerusalem,” said Philip Luther.


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