국제앰네스티는 11월 25일, 28일에 있을 코트디부아르 대통령 선출을 위한 2차 선거에 앞서 무력충돌이 잦아짐에 따라 후보자들에게 자극적인 발언을 자제하여 지지자들을 진정시킬 것을 촉구했다.
지난 25일 로랑 그바그보(Laurent Gbagbo)대통령측 지지학생단체와 알라산느 쿠아타라(Alassane Quattara)측 지지학생단체가 충돌하는 일이 있었고 경찰의 늦은 대처로 인해 수십명의 부상자를 냈다.
베로니크 아우버트(Veronique Aubert) 국제앰네스티 아프리카국 부국장은 이와 관련해 “만일 대통령후보들과 지도자들이 자극적인 비난과 비방들을 멈추지 않을 경우 코트디부아르의 정치기반을 흔들리고 인종간의 무력충돌이 촉발될 수 있다”고 전했다. 또한 그는 후보자들로 하여금 지지자들이 선거 결과에 깨끗이 승복 할 것을 요청 할 것을 촉구했다.
국제앰네스티는 또한 알라산느 쿠아타라의 당과 연합한 디울라(Dioula)에 대한 폭력을 선동하는 외국인 혐오적인 선전물이 살포 된 것을 확인했다. “디울라”는 북부지방, 혹은 타 지방의 이슬람권 주민을 지칭하는 말이다.
COTE D’IVOIRE POLITICIANS MUST PREVENT ELECTION VIOLENCE
25 November 2010Amnesty International today urged Cote d’Ivoire’s presidential candidates to calm their supporters and avoid inflammatory statements, amid outbursts of violence ahead of the country’s second round of presidential elections this Sunday.
Police were slow to intervene in clashes that took place last Friday in Abidjan between student groups supporting President Laurent Gbagbo and those backing his election rival former Prime Minister Alassane Ouattara, injuring dozens.
“If leaders and candidates continue with inflammatory political goading and fail to rein in incitement to hatred, we fear there is a grave risk of uncontrollable political and ethnic election violence being sparked in Cote d’Ivoire,” said Veronique Aubert, Amnesty International’s Africa Deputy Director.
Amnesty International has also learned that leaflets have been circulated encouraging xenophobic violence against the ‘Dioula’ population associated with Alassane Ouattara’s party.
‘Dioula’ can refer to any person with a Muslim family name and originating from the north of the country, or from other countries in the region.
“The candidates have been blaming each other for the escalating violence; they must now take responsibility for their actions and call for calm for the sake of their country,” said Veronique Aubert.
“Young people and students must be urged by their leaders to peacefully accept the possibility of election defeat.”
Amnesty International is also calling on the Ivorian authorities to ensure all citizens are able to participate in the election campaign freely and without intimidation, protecting their rights to peaceful expression, assembly and association.
This second round of Cote d’Ivoire’s presidential election is taking place this Sunday 28 November after being postponed five times since 2005.
This election is expected to put an end to the crisis that began with the September 2002 armed uprising that resulted in the de facto partition of the country between the south, controlled by supporters of President Gbagbo and the north, in the hands of the Forces Nouvelles (New Forces), the movement that came out of the armed uprising.