국제앰네스티는 지난 22일 필리핀 당국에 마구인다나오 학살에 관한 정의를 되찾고 학살 1년 뒤인 지금까지 활동중인 사설군대들을 해산 할 것을 요청했다.
지난 2009년 11월 23일, 기자 32명을 포함해 최소한 57명의 사람들이 납치 되고 잔인하게 살해 당했다. 그들의 시신은 마구이다나오 지역의 암파투안(Ampatuan) 마을에 유기되었다.
국제앰네스티 샘 자리피 아시아•태평양국 국장은 “필리핀 정부가 이번 사건을 어떻게 처리 하느냐는 사병문제와 인권침해에 대한 아퀴노(Aquino)대통령의 태도를 보여 줄 것이다”라고 밝혔다.
희생자들은 지역의원선거에 지지자가 출마하는 모습을 보기 위해 이동하던 중 약 100명의 무장그룹에 의해 습격 받았으며 이는 주민과 암파투안 일가간의 오랜 불화가 계가가 된 것으로 보인다.
매우 강력한 암파투안 세력의 지도자들은 현재 이 학살과 연관된 혐의를 받고 있으나 아무런 재판도 제대로 이루어 지지 않은 채 불처벌과 잦은 연기로 법망을 피해가고 있다.
현재 글로리아 아로요(Gloria Arroyo) 전 대통령의 긴급조치 546호에 따라 학살 일년이 지난 지금까지 암파투안 일가에 소속된 사설군대를 비롯해 몇몇 사설군대들이 아직도 합법적으로 활동하고 있다.
PHILIPPINES: JUSTICE STILL NOT SERVED ONE YEAR AFTER MASSACRE
22 November 2010Amnesty International today called on the Philippine authorities to ensure timely justice for the Maguindanao massacre, and to abolish the private armies that continue to operate one year after the killings.
On 23 November 2009, at least 57 people were abducted and brutally killed and their bodies dumped in a mass grave on a hillside above the town of Ampatuan in the southern Philippine province of Maguindanao. Those killed included 32 journalists.
“How the Philippine government handles this case will demonstrate how serious President Aquino is about reining in private armies and curbing human rights violations,” said Sam Zarifi, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Programme Director.
“The government has to show that the Philippines has the ability and will to deal fairly but resolutely with a massacre that constituted the worst ever attack on journalists anywhere in the world.”
Those killed had been travelling in a convoy to witness the filing of candidacy papers for a local politician when they were stopped by a group of about 100 armed men. The ambush was motivated by a long-standing political feud between members of the group and the Ampatuan clan.
Leading members of the powerful local Ampatuan clan have since been charged in connection with the killings, however the trials have been marked by delays and no prosecutions have been concluded.
Former Maguindanao governor Andal Ampatuan Sr., and his sons Andal Ampatuan Jr. and Zaldy Amapatuan are on trial for the killings. Of the other nearly 200 people implicated in the killings, news sources report that 82 have been detained, and another 114, including private militia members, clan members and police and government soldiers, remain at large.
The Maguindano trials have been marked by delays and judicial wrangling. Earlier this month Justice Secretary Leila de Lima said she would accelerate the proceedings, but admitted that the trials could take six more years.
One year after the massacre, other private armies continue to operate in the Philippines under Executive Order 546, which former President Gloria Arroyo signed and implemented in 2006. This order effectively authorizes private armies by allowing the Philippine National Police to deputize militias and Civilian Volunteer Organizations (CVOs) as “force multipliers”.
Many members of Governor Andal Ampatuan’s private army are part of CVOs, which the government had established and armed. The system of authorization for armed groups which are then used as private armies remains intact.
“If President Aquino is serious about ending the violence associated with private armies, he should revoke Executive Order 546 at once,” said Sam Zarifi. “The fact that private armies continue to operate a year after the Maguindanao massacre is an affront to the victims and an invitation to further disasters.”