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관타나모 피구금자, 미 형사법원에서 재판 받아


국제앰네스티는 아메드 가일라니가 뉴욕법원에서 유죄선고를 받음에 따라 미국은 관타나모 수용소에 있는 모든 수감자들을 군법원이 아닌 형사법원에서 재판 하거나 즉각 석방해야 한다고 말했다.

가일라니(36세)는 관타나모에 수용되어 있다가 미국 형사법원에서 재판을 받은 첫 번째 수감자다.

지난 17일 그는 224명을 사망하게 한 1998년 동아프리카지역 2개의 미국대사관에 대한 테러 행위를 이유로 유죄선고 받았다. 배심원들은 “폭탄을 이용해 미국의 소유물에 상해를 입히거나 파괴”하려 했다는 혐의에만 유죄를 선고했고 다른 혐의들은 받아들이지 않았다,

이에 따라 수감자들의 형사법원에서의 재판을 반대하는 미국 정치인들은 배심원들이 몇몇 혐의들을 받아 들이지 않은 것이 관타나모 구금자들에 대한 민사법원에서의 재판이 옳지 않다는 증거라고 주장한다.이와 관련해 국제앰네스티 롭 프리어(Rob Freer)는 “(이러한) 평범한 형사재판을 비판하는 사람들이 받아들일 수 있는 재판이 증거 없이 유죄선고를 내리는 형식이라면, 그것이야 말로 공정함에 대한 원칙을 저버리는 것”이라고 말했다.

국제앰네스티는 미국정부가 관타나모 수감자들을 형사법원에서 재판 하기로 한 결정을 환영한 바 있으나 그를 체포하는데 있어 자행된 강제실종을 포함한 인권침해에 대한 책임자들은 처벌받지 않고 있다.

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GHAILANI VERDICT UNDERLINES NEED FOR FAIR TRIALS FOR ALL GUANTANAMO DETAINEES

18 November 2010The USA must ensure all remaining Guantanamo detainees are brought to trial in federal court – not in military commissions – or are immediately released, Amnesty International said today following the conviction of Ahmed Ghailani in a New York court.

Ghailani, 36, is the first and only Guantanamo detainee to be transferred to the US mainland for prosecution in a US civilian court.

He was yesterday convicted for involvement in the bombings of two US embassies in east Africa in 1998 in which 224 people were killed.

“We cannot talk about justice, for both detainees and the survivors of the attacks of which some are accused, without fair criminal trials. The Guantanamo shadow over the Obama administration can begin to be lifted only if all those detained there receive fair trials in civilian courts or are immediately released,” said Rob Freer of Amnesty International.

The jury found Ghailani guilty of conspiracy to damage or destroy US property with explosives. The jury acquitted him of the other charges against him, but he still faces a minimum of 20 years in prison, and the possibility of a life prison sentence.

“US politicians who are opposed to trials in federal courts for Guantanamo detainees have chosen to ignore the conviction and are arguing that Ahmed Ghailani’s acquittal on the other charges demonstrates that civilian criminal trials are inappropriate,” said Rob Freer.

“If the only procedure that critics of ordinary criminal trials would accept is one that guarantees convictions regardless of the evidence, then what has been demonstrated is a gross failure on their part to commit to the most basic principles of fairness.”

US Attorney General Eric Holder announced over a year ago that five detainees would be brought to New York to be prosecuted in federal court in relation to the attacks in the USA on 11 September 2001.

The five men remain in Guantanamo without charge or trial, along with more than 150 others, as political opposition to criminal trials in federal courts for Guantanamo detainees has continued.

Amnesty International previously welcomed the USA administration’s decision to bring Ahmed Ghailani to trial in a federal court rather than a military commission and for not seeking the death penalty against him.

However, no one has yet been held to account for the unlawful treatment – including the crime under international law of enforced disappearance during his two years in secret CIA custody – inflicted on Ahmed Ghailani prior to his transfer to New York.


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