국제앰네스티는 기니 당국에 선거 후 단속에서 빚어진 적법절차를 거치지 않은 처형, 자의적 구금, 그리고 고문행위들을 중단할 것을 요청했다. 이번 단속으로 여러 명의 사망자가 발생하고 50명 이상이 자의적 구금에 처해졌다.
기니 당국은 독립선거위원회가 알파 콘데(Alpha Conde)를 당선자로 발표한 3일 뒤인 11월 17일, 국가비상사태를 선포했다. 언론보도에 따르면 이번 조치는 대법원에서 선거결과를 확정하는 22일 까지 지속될 예정이다.
국가비상사태 조치의 일환으로 통행금지령이 내려졌고 보안군은 더 많은 권력을 갖게 되었다.
국제앰네스티 가에탄 무투(Gaetan Mootoo) 조사관은 “기니 당국이 군과 경찰에 의한 불법적인 살해, 임의적 체포, 그리고 과도한 무력사용을 중단하지 않으면 결국 국가를 더욱 심각한 인권침해의 상황으로 떨어트릴 것”이라며 “질서유지와 법치상황을 유지할 책임을 보안군에 넘기는 것은 상황을 더욱 악화 시킬 소지가 다분하다. 지난 20년간 군과 경찰은 비무장 시위자들에게 총기를 반복적으로 사용해 왔다”고 밝혔다.
GUINEA AUTHORITIES MUST STOP ARBITRARY ARRESTS AND KILLINGS
18 November 2010Amnesty International has called on the Guinean authorities to stop a series of extrajudicial executions, arbitrary arrests and torture as part of a post-election crackdown that has seen several deaths and more than 50 people arbitrarily detained.
The Guinean authorities declared a state of emergency on 17 November, three days after the Independent Electoral National Commission proclaimed Alpha Conde as the winner of the poll.
As part of the state of emergency, a curfew has been imposed and the security forces have been granted extra powers.
“Unless the Guinean authorities put an immediate stop to the unlawful killings, arbitrary arrests and excessive use of force by its military and police, there is a risk that the country will be plunged into a situation which could give rise to further, serious, human rights abuses,” said Gaetan Mootoo, researcher at Amnesty International.
“Transferring responsibility for the maintenance of law and order to the security forces is likely to further aggravate a situation that is already extremely worrying. In the past two decades the military and the police have repeatedly fired live bullets at unarmed demonstrators.”
The organization has also called on the authorities to set up an independent enquiry into the crackdown.
According to media reports, the emergency will remain in force until the election results are confirmed by the Supreme Court expected next Monday.
Several witnesses have told Amnesty International that the security forces, including members of the military, used their firearms against unarmed demonstrators, including minors.
Doctors told Amnesty International that the dead bodies they examined showed that “people had been hit in the head, the abdomen, the thorax and the back of the head” showing that security forces sought to kill rather than simply disperse demonstrators.
The number of people who have been killed has not been made public.
Amnesty International has obtained information about the the following cases:Mamadou Macka Diallo, a 18 year old student in the capital, Conakry, “was killed by a policeman”, according to witnesses.Abdoulaye Ba, 16 year old student was killed while entering his home in Koza.Abdoulaye Boubacar Diallo, 29 years old, docker, killed while he was running away.Ibrahima Diallo, 32, killed in Koloma.Boumama Sacko, killed in Labe by a stray bullet while cleaning a car.Those detained face a high risk of torture or other ill-treatment. Amnesty International has been told that 15 people arrested and held at the Dixinn police station, Conakry have been beaten.
According to an eyewitness a police officer put his two fingers in the eyes of one detainee.
“The Guinean authorities must issue strict orders to the security forces to ensure that the human rights of all those who have been arrested are respected,” Gaetan Mootoo said.
“Under international law, certain fundamental rights cannot be suspended and must always be respected, whether or not a state of emergency has been declared including the right to life and freedom from torture.”