인권뉴스

시리아, 인권변호사가 공격받은 사건에 대하여 조사해야


국제앰네스티는 시라아 당국에인권에 관련한 상을 수상한 바 있는 인권활동가이며 변호사가 동료수감자에게 공격당한 사건과 관계 공무원들이 이에 관해 알고 있었는지 조사 할 것을 요구했다.

무하나드 알-하사니(Muhannad al-Hassani)는 지난 10월 28일 다마스커스(Damascus)지역 앗’아드라(Adra)감옥에서 동료수감자에 의해 심각하게 폭행당했다.

그와 그를 폭행한 수감자는 폭행 뒤에도 5일이나 더 같은 방에 있었으며 그 뒤에 관리자는 그를지하에 있는 매우 작은 독방으로 옮겼다.

국제앰네스티는 무하나드 알-하사니(Muhannad al-Hassani)가 동료수가자에게 폭행당한 사건과 관련해 교도관들이 연루되었는지 조사할 것을 시라아 당국에 요청했다. 알-하사니는 인권상을 수상한 바 있는 인권활동가이며 변호사로 활동하고 있다. 그는 다마스커스(Damascus)지역 앗’아드라(Adra)감옥에서 동료수감자에 의해 심각하게 폭행당했으며 사건 이후에도 폭행을 휘두른 수감자와 함께 5일이나 같은 방을 사용해야 했다. 그 이후 그는 지하 독방으로 옮겨졌다.

알-하사니와 같이 앗’아드라 감옥에 수감중인 정치수들은 그의 독방 구금에 반대하는 단식투쟁에 돌입했다.

폭행이 있기 2주전 양심수인 후하나드 알-하사니는 인권 옹호자들을 위한 저명한 상인 마틴 에날스(Martin Ennals Award for human rights defenders) 상을 부재중에 수상했다.

국제앰네스티 말콤 스마트 중동•북아프리카국 국장은 “시리아 당국은 가해자에게 국제기준에 부합하는 재판을 내리기 위해 신속하고 투명하며 꼼꼼한 조사를 실행해야 한다”고 밝혔다. 그리고 그는 “특별히 앗’아드라 감옥관계자들이 고의로 가해자를 무하나드와 같은 방에 수감 했는지 와 왜 그들을 공격 뒤에도 5일이나 같이 수감 했는지 조사해야 한다”고 말했다.

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SYRIA MUST INVESTIGATE ASSAULT ON JAILED RIGHTS LAWYER

5 November 2010Amnesty International has called on the Syrian authorities to investigate an assault on an award-winning human rights activist and lawyer in prison by another inmate and whether prison officials were complicit in the attack.

Muhannad al-Hassani was severely beaten by his cellmate at ‘Adra prison in Damascus on 28 October.

The lawyer and his attacker were kept in the same cell for five days after the assault after which the authorities moved Muhannad al-Hassani to a tiny underground isolation cell.

In protest at his solitary confinement both he and other political prisoners at ‘Adra have begun a hunger strike.

Two weeks before the assault, Muhannad al-Hassani, a prisoner of conscience, was awarded in absentia the prestigious Martin Ennals Award for human rights defenders.

“The Syrian authorities must conduct a prompt, transparent, and thorough investigation into the incident and ensure that anyone allegedly responsible is brought to justice in trial proceedings that meet international standards of fairness,” said Malcolm Smart, Director of Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa programme.

“In particular, they must examine whether officials at ‘Adra prison were complicit in the attack by moving the prisoner responsible into Muhannad al-Hassani’s cell and why they continued to hold them both in the same cell for five days after the attack.”

The prisoner who attacked Muhannad al-Hassani is said to have been moved into the same cell only recently and to have beaten him while wearing a heavy metal finger ring. Prisoners are not normally allowed to wear such jewellery.

During the attack, the human rights activist suffered a cut to his forehead requiring ten stitches, swelling to his eye and cheek and bruising to his body.

After the assault, Muhannad al-Hassani made a statement to police in the presence of his attacker who threatened him throughout and accused him of being unpatriotic. Muhannad al-Hassani’s request that the police make a note of the threats was reportedly ignored. Muhannad al-Hassani was examined by a doctor at a clinic in Douma who issued a report on his injuries on Monday. The case was then referred to a court in Douma although Muhannad al-Hassani’s lawyers were not told and were therefore unable to be present at the hearing.

The Martin Ennals award winner is serving a three-year sentence. He was convicted in June of charges relating to his work publicizing the unfair trials of political prisoners and torture in custody and meeting foreign embassy officials to discuss human rights.

A lawyer and co-founder of the Syrian Human Rights Organisation (Sawasiyah), Muhannad al-Hassani has been harassed and penalized by the authorities on account of his human rights work for years.

The chairperson of the Martin Ennals awards panel described him as a man of “exceptional courage” who is being “arbitrarily detained in unacceptable conditions for defending the rule of law and the right to organize a human rights organization.”

He was arrested in July 2009 and later sentenced to three years’ imprisonment following a grossly unfair trial before the Damascus Criminal Court on charges including of “weakening national sentiments” and “spreading false news”.

“Muhannad al-Hassani’s human rights work is internationally recognized but he has been imprisoned by the Syrian authorities because of it,” said Malcolm Smart

“He should not be in prison at all. That is a gross injustice. That he should then be subjected to beatings in prison and be denied protection is wholly unacceptable.”


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