인권뉴스

수단, 다르푸르 인권활동가 석방해야

국제앰네스티는 수단당국에 지난주부터 의사소통을 금지 당한 채 구금중인 다르푸르 남녀 8명을 석방하거나 정식기소조치 할 것을 권고했다. 이들은 고문의 위험에 놓인 것으로 파악된다.

지역 활동가들과 비정부기구에 따르면 지난 10월 30일과 11월 1일 사이에 다르푸르의 인권상황에 대하여 일하고 있던 수명의 인권 활동가들이 카르토움(Khartoum)지역의 국가정보부에 의해 체포되었고 현재 구금 중인 것으로 알려졌다.

당국은 현재 체포사실을 인정하고 있지 않으며 피구금자의 가족들은 그들의 행방에 대하여 전혀 알지 못하고 있다.

이들 중 상당수는 다르푸르 인권상황에 대한 보고를 위한 민간단체 연합인 “민주화를 위한 지지 및 인권 네트워크(the Human Rights and Advocacy Network for Democracy)”의 멤버인 것으로 알려져 있으며 나머지는 다르푸르 분쟁에 관한 라디오를 방송해 오던 라디오 다방가(Radion Dabanga)의 직원인 것으로 추정된다.

국제앰네스티 어윈 반 데르 보르그트(Erwin van der Borght) 아프리카국 국장은 “수단에서는 국가정부부의 인권 활동가와 저널리스트에 대한 강제구금, 고문, 그리고 부당한 대우가 비일비재 하게 일어나고 있으며 다르푸르 사람들에게 특히 자주 일어난다. 당국은 피구금자의 신원과 행방을 공개해야 하며 그들을 석방하거나 납득할 수 있는 죄목으로 기소조치 해야 한다”고 밝혔다.

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CONGOLESE ACTIVIST LIVES IN FEAR AFTER ATTACK

3 November 2010Amnesty International has urged the Sudanese authorities to release or charge eight Darfuri men and women who are reported to have been arrested and held incommunicado since last weekend, and who are believed to be at risk of torture.

According to reports by local activists and NGOs, a number of activists, some of whom have been monitoring the human rights situation in Darfur, are believed to have been arrested and detained by the National Intelligence and Security Services (NISS) in Khartoum between 30 October and 1 November.

The authorities have not yet acknowledged the arrests and the families of those taken have not had any news of their whereabouts or been given reasons for their arrests.

“The detention, torture and ill-treatment of human rights activists and journalists by the NISS occurs frequently in Sudan, particularly amongst Darfuris,” said Erwin van der Borght, director of Amnesty International’s Africa programme.

“The authorities must reveal the names and whereabouts of all those detained and either charge them with recognizable criminal offences or release them immediately.”

The recent arrests targeted Darfuris working for the Human Rights and Advocacy Network for Democracy (HAND), a coalition of grassroots organizations that publishes human rights reports on Darfur.

The arrests seem to have also targeted people believed to be working for Radio Dabanga, a Sudanese radio station that broadcasts news on the conflict in Darfur. Both organizations are thought to operate from the same office building in Khartoum.

In July 2010, the Amnesty International report, Agents of Fear: The National Security Service in Sudan documented human rights violations committed by the NISS and the clampdown on freedom of expression and association in Sudan that has seen human rights defenders, activists and journalists regularly detained for carrying out their work while others have been tortured or tried on politically motivated charges.

Under Sudan’s National Security Act the NISS has extensive powers of arrest and detention. NISS agents are also granted immunity from prosecution for any act committed in the course of their work.

“Under these laws NISS members have been carrying out human rights violations without fear of being held to account,” said Erwin van der Borght.

“The 2010 National Security Act must be reformed to remove these excessive powers from the NISS.

“The government must also act to ensure that human rights activists and journalists working in Sudan are not harassed and intimidated by the NISS for simply trying to do their jobs.”


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