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이집트, 야당 선거 후보와 지지자들 석방 해야


국제앰네스티는 이집트 당국에 의해 또 한번 구속의 광풍이 휩쓸고 간 현재, 11월에 있을 의원선거에 앞서 구속된 야당의원 지지자들을 석방하거나 정식 기소조치 할 것을 요구했다.

최소한 75명의 “무슬림 형제단” 단원들이 선거활동을 이유로 알렉산드리아 집에서 구속되었다. 국제앰네스티는 하루 전인 26일, 10여명의 사람들이 더 구속된 것으로 파악하고 있다.

이 모든 사람들은 모두 아무런 기소 절차 없이 구속되었다.

현 정부에 반대입장을 표한 청소년 활동단체인 “4월6일 운동”의 4명의 멤버 또한 허가되지 않은 모임을 갖고 선거에 불참할 것을 촉구하는 선전물을 배포한 죄로 구속되었다가 보석으로 가석방되었다.

현재 260명이 넘는 무슬림 형제단 단원들이 구속된 것으로 알려져 있으며 10월달에만 70명의 단원들이 구속되었다가 풀려났다.

국제 앰네스티 말콤 스마트 중동•북 아프리카국 국장은 “11월 28일에 있을 선거에 앞서 무슬림 형제단을 비롯한 정부 반대단체에 대한 압박을 보여주는 예”라고 말하며 “이집트당국은 반대단체의 권리를 인정하고 이번 선거를 깨끗하고 공정하게 치르기 바란다면 활동가들이 방해와 탄압의 위험 없이 평화적 캠페인을 실행 하도록 해야 한다. 현재 구금중인 사람들 또한 납득할 만한 죄목으로 기소조치 하거나 석방해야 한다”고 밝혔다.

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EGYPT URGED TO RELEASE OR CHARGE OPPOSITION ACTIVISTS AFTER NEW WAVE OF ARRESTS

27 October 2010Amnesty International today called on the Egyptian authorities to release or charge all detained supporters of opposition groups ahead of next month’s parliamentary elections, following a new wave of arrests.

At least 75 members of the Muslim Brotherhood were arrested on Tuesday in police raids on homes in Alexandria, where they were involved in election campaigning, and Amnesty International has learnt that about 10 more were arrested yesterday.

All have been detained without charge.

Four members of an opposition youth activist group, the 6 April Movement, were also arrested yesterday. They were charged with holding an unauthorised public gathering and distributing leaflets calling for a boycott of the election, and then released on bail.

“These arrests are the latest evidence of a growing government clampdown on the Muslim Brotherhood and other opposition groups in the run up to the first round of the elections on 28 November,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“The Egyptian authorities must respect the rights of opposition groups and activists to undertake peaceful campaigning without interference or persecution if the elections are to be free and fair. All those detained must be released unless they are charged with a recognizable criminal offence.”

More than 260 supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood have been arrested since its chairman, Mohamed Badie, announced on 9 October that the group will put up candidates for election.

Most, including more than 70 who were arrested earlier this month, have since been released.

The four members of the 6 April Movement – an online network started on Facebook in 2008 to support on-strike workers in the town of El-Mahalla El-Kubra – have been named as Salwan Muhammad Said, Mohammad Abdallah, Mahmoud Ahmed Hamed and Magdy Abdel-Rahman.

The Muslim Brotherhood has been officially banned in Egypt since 1954. However, it has continued to operate openly and leaders and supporters of the organization have stood as independent candidates in previous parliamentary elections, in many cases successfully.

It has wide popular support and is generally seen as the main rival to Egypt’s ruling National Democratic Party.


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