국제앰네스티는 기니의 수도 코나크리(Conakry)시에서 발생한 선거관련 시위진압 중 1명의 사망자와 60여명의 부상자, 그리고 100명의 피구금자를 남긴 것에 대하여 기니 당국에 경찰의 진압과정 중 과도한 무력사용이 없었는지 조사할 것을 요청했다.
지난 10월 22일 세 번째로 대통령 결선선거가 연기된 것에 야당 지지자들이 항의하자 정부는 이들을 무력으로 진압했다. 보안군은 무장하지 않은 시민들에게 무차별적으로 발포 했으며 시위자들을 폭행하고 가정집들을 강제 수색했다. 국제앰네스티는 최소한 15명의 사람들이 총상을 입은 것으로 집계하고 있으며 1명의 총상에 의한 사망자가 발생했다고 확인했다.
국제앰네스티 게이탄 무투(Gaetan Mootoo) 기니 조사관은 “시위에 대한 강압적이고 거침없는 대응은 지금껏 아무런 제재 없이 폭력을 일삼은 보안군의 또 하나의 예”라며 “당국은 구금되어 있는 사람들에게 자행될 수 있는 고문과 다른 부당한 대우에 대하여 조사해야 하며 이들을 정식으로 기소하거나 석방해야 한다. 또한, 선거에 대한 전방이 불투명한 지금, 경찰에 의해 더 이상의 아까운 목숨이 희생되지 않도록 해야 한다.”고 밝혔다.
지난 6월에 실시된 첫번째 선거에서 43%의 지지율을 받은 셀로우 달에인 디얄로(Cellou Dalein Diallo) 전 총리는 18%의의 지지율을 보인 야당지도자 알파 콘데(Alpha Conde)와의 결선을 앞두고 있다.
52년간의 독재 뒤 첫 선거인 이번 대통령 선거는 투표 시설 부족으로 인해 3번씩이나 연기되고 있다.
GUINEA SECURITY FORCES USED EXCESSIVE FORCE IN ELECTION PROTESTS
24 October 2010Amnesty International calls on the Guinean authorities to investigate reports that police used excessive force to quell election protests in the capital Conakry during the past week, leaving one person dead, about 60 injured and more than 100 detained.
Government forces intervened in demonstrations by supporters of rival political parties after the country’s presidential run-off was postponed for the third time on Friday. Security forces fired indiscriminately at unarmed civilians, beat protesters and ransacked homes.
“This ruthless and reckless reaction to the protests is the latest example of violence by Guinea’s security forces, whose brutality habitually goes unpunished,” said Gaetan Mootoo, Amnesty International’s Guinea researcher.
“The authorities must investigate reports of torture and ill-treatment by its forces and charge or release all those detained, while ensuring that no more lives are claimed by the police’s heavy-handedness as the uncertainty over elections continues.”
Amnesty International understands that at least 15 people were shot by security forces. One person, Ibrahim Khalil Bangourah, is confirmed to have died as a result of his injuries.
Former prime minister Cellou Dalein Diallo, who took 43% of votes in the first round of the election in June, takes on opposition leader Alpha Conde, who won 18% of the vote, in the presidential run-off.
However, the final round of the election – set to be the country’s first democratic poll after 52 years of authoritarian rule – has now been delayed three times due to what the country’s electoral commission termed “technical difficulties”; reportedly a lack of voting facilities.
The latest cancellation sparked two days of clashes between followers of Conde and Diallo, although calm appeared to be restored by Sunday as a government ban on demonstrations was observed by party supporters.
Eyewitnesses told Amnesty International that police had undressed and beaten several protesters in clashes across Conakry.
“I was sitting and eating with my relatives when the security forces arrived in the yard, threw away the plates and beat us – three of us were taken to the police station,” one released detainee told Amnesty International.
Prominent human rights activist Aliou Barry, president of the Observatory for the Defence of Human Rights, was beaten after trying to speak out against the beatings of other protesters on Saturday.
Amnesty International has called for reform of Guinea’s security forces for years, especially since the “Bloody Monday” massacre of 28 September 2009. On that day and in the following days, security forces killed more than 150 people and raped more than 40 women during and following protests against the decision by the head of state, Dadis Camara, to stand in the presidential elections.
More than 1,500 people were wounded and many people went missing or were detained. Many perpetrators of the massacre remain in positions of authority, protected from prosecution.
Since 2004, arms or training have been provided to Guinea’s security forces from China, France, Germany, Mali, Morocco, Nigeria, South Africa and the USA.