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미국, 오마르 카디르에 대한 인권침해 여부 조사해야


국제앰네스티는 10월 25일, 미국당국에 캐나다인인 오마르 카디르(Omar Khadr)에게 자행된 인권침해에 대하여 조사할 것을 요구했다.

25일 오전 오마르 카디르는 미군에게 수류탄을 투척해 심각한 상해를 입힌 혐의를 포함해 5가지의 “전쟁 범죄”에 대해 유죄를 인정했다. 그는 15세였던 2002년 7월부터 8년 6개월 동안 미군에 의해 구류되어 왔다.

오마르 카디르에 대한 재판은 끝났을지 모르지만 그에게 자행된 인권침해에 대한 조사를 해야 할 미국당국의 의무는 계속된다”고 국제앰네스티 롭 프리어(Rob Freer) 미국 조사관은 전했다. 그는 또한 “미국당국은 아동대우에 관한 국제법을 무시해 왔으며 이는 8년전 체포된 오마르 카디르의 경우에도 마찬가지였다”고 말했다.

유죄 인정에 대한 자세한 합의 사항은 아직 공표되지 않았으나 미국이 8년형을 선고하고 그 중 마지막 7년을 캐나다에서 복역하는 조항이 담겨 있는 것으로 알려져 있다.

마지막으로 프리어 조사관은 “미국은 당장 군 위원회를 해산하고 관타나모 수용소에 있는 사람들을 일반 형법재판소에서 다뤄야 한다”고 전했다.

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USA MUST ADDRESS OMAR KHADR RIGHTS VIOLATIONS FOLLOWING PLEA DEAL

24 October 2010Amnesty International today called on the US authorities to address any human rights violations committed against Canadian national Omar Khadr, in spite of him pleading guilty to the charges against him at a military commission at the Guantanamo Bay detention centre.

This morning, Omar Khadr pleaded guilty to five “war crime” charges, including a murder charge for allegedly throwing a grenade that fatally wounded a US soldier. He had been held in US military custody for eight and half years, after being detained in late July 2002 in Afghanistan when he was aged 15.

“While military trial proceedings may be coming to an end in Omar Khadr’s case, the obligation on the US authorities to address serious concerns about human rights violations suffered by him does not end” said Rob Freer, Amnesty International’s USA researcher.

“The USA authorities have ignored their international duties in the treatment of children, which was the case when Omar Khadr was arrested eight years ago.”

The guilty plea is the result of an agreement between Omar Khadr, his lawyers and the US authorities. According to the Pentagon, with the military judge having accepted the plea after questioning Omar Khadr in court today, the sentencing hearing will begin tomorrow.

While the details of the plea bargain have not yet been made public, the deal reportedly provides for an eight-year prison term with the USA supporting Omar Khadr’s transfer to Canada to serve the final seven years of the sentence there.

The USA has also failed to recognize that his case fell under the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.

Omar Khadr has repeatedly alleged that he was subjected to interrogation techniques and detention conditions that amounted to torture or other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment.

“The USA must abandon military commissions and bring any Guantanamo detainee it intends to prosecute to trial in ordinary civilian federal court, in accordance with international fair trial standards. Any detainee it does not intend to prosecute should be immediately released,” said Rob Freer.

“The fact that the military commission system falls short of international fair trial standards is not changed by a plea deal being reached in Omar Khadr’s case,” said Rob Freer.

Earlier this month, the expert UN body which monitors implementation of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child called on the USA and Somalia to ratify this treaty. These two countries are the only ones not to have done so.


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