국제앰네스티는 멕시코 옥사카(Oaxaca)주 트리구이(Trigui) 선주민 마을주민들이 정부와 연관된 것으로 추정되는 무장단체에 의해 살해당한 사건과 관련해 조사를 실행할 것 을 멕시코 당국에 강력히 요구했다 .
지난 10월 16일, 총기를 소지한 무장단체는 뜨레스 크루쎄스(Tres Cruces) 지역주변의 선주민5명을 기습공격 했으며 이중 테레사 라메레즈 산체스(Theresa Ramirez Sanchez)와 세라핀 우발도 주리타(SerafinUbaldoZurita)는 사망했고 이름이 알려지지 않은 2명의 남성과 1명의 여성은 살아남았다. 이중 한명은 아직 병원에 입원 중 이다.
국제앰네스티 케리 하워드(Kerry Howard) 미주국 부국장 은 “이 공격은 당국이 살아남은 피해자들을 보호할 필요를 보여줄 뿐만 아니라 멕시코 남부지역의 법치를 회복하고 인권을 보호해야 하는 의무를 상기 시킨다”며 “무장단체들은 이 지역에서 전혀 처벌받지 않은 체 수 년간 활개 쳐왔다. 당국은 테레사 라미레즈 산체스와 세라핀 우발도 주리타의 죽음을 조사하는 것을 시작으로 법의위상을 다시 제정 해야 한다”고 밝혔다.
이 다섯명의 피해자들은 “트리구이 화합과 문제를 위한 독립운동(Independent Movement for Trigui Unity and Struggle; MULTI)”로 알려진 정치집단의 구성원이다. MULTI는 700명의 트리구이 사람들의 지지를 받고 있으며 2007년 1월 1일 산 후안 코팔라 선주민 자치지구(autonomous indigenous municipality of San Juan Copala)를 제정했다.
INVESTIGATION NEEDED INTO ATTACK ON MEMBERS OF MEXICAN INDIGENOUS COMMUNITY
22 October 2010Amnesty International has urged the Mexican authorities to investigate an attack on members of an Indigenous Triqui community in the state of Oaxaca after a man and woman were shot dead by an armed group with alleged links to the authorities.
Gunmen ambushed five members of an Indigenous people’s organization near the village of Tres Cruces on Saturday 16 October, killing Teresa Ramirez Sanchez and Serafin Ubaldo Zurita. Two other men and a woman, whose names are withheld to protect them, survived the attack. One remains in hospital.
“This attack heightens the need for the authorities to protect the survivors, but also to take immediate steps to restore rule of law and protect human rights in this troubled part of southern Mexico,” said Kerrie Howard, Americas deputy director at Amnesty International.
“Armed groups have been operating in the area with impunity for many years. The authorities must act to restore the law, starting with a prompt and thorough investigation into the killings of Teresa Ramirez Sanchez and SerafinUbaldoZurita.”
The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights this month called on the Mexican authorities to protect the communities.
The five victims of the attack, which took place between the towns of Santiago Juxtlahuaca and Yosoyuxi, were members of a political group known as the Independent Movement for Triqui Unity and Struggle (MULTI). The MULTI, supported by 700 Triqui people, established the autonomous Indigenous municipality of San Juan Copala on 1 January 2007.
In September 2010, armed members of two other Triqui Indigenous people’s organizations, known as UBISORT and MULT, took over the autonomous municipality of San Juan Copala and occupied the town. All residents identified as belonging to MULTI fled the town and relocated to neighbouring areas such as Yosoyuxi.
San Juan Copala was under siege from November 2009 until September 2010, with armed groups surrounding the community and firing into the streets on a daily basis to intimidate local residents, many of whom had supported the MULTI. During the siege food, water and medical supplies were cut off.
On 27 April 2010, armed men belonging to UBISORT ambushed a humanitarian convoy near San Juan Copala and killed two human rights defenders. On 7 September, armed men attacked and wounded two indigenous women from San Juan Copala. No one has been brought to justice for these crimes.
For many years, armed groups, some believed to have links with local and state authorities, have harassed and killed Triqui Indigenous people because of their perceived affiliation with local Indigenous organizations. The state and federal authorities have taken insufficient action to dismantle the armed groups.