국제앰네스티는 모스크바시(市)가 성소수자 거리행진(Pride marches)을 막은 사건에 관해 유럽인권재판소가 불합리 하다는 결정을 내림에 따라 모스크바시의 세르가이 소브야닌(Sergei Sobyanin) 새 시장에게 평화적 연대의 자유를 허용할 것을 요구했다.
재판소는지난 22일 2006년부터 2008년까지 모스크바시가 성소수자들의 거리행진을 불허한 것은 평화적 연대의 자유를 침해하고 차별금지 조항을 위반한 행위라고 결정했다.
존달후이센유럽•중앙아시아국부국장은“평화로운 집회의 자유에 대한 권리가 침해되어 왔다는 것을 확인함과 동시에 모스크바의 사람이라면 성별, 인종, 피부색, 언어, 종교, 정치적 견해와 상관없이 연대의 자유권을 소유하고 있다는 것을 다시 한번 상기시키는 중요한 사례다”라고 밝혔다.
재판소는 모스크바당국이 제출한 공공침해와 거리행진 참가자에 대한 폭력행위 가능성에 대하여 정당성이 충분하지 않다고 지적했다.
평화적집회 의 자유를 보장할 러시아 헌법 제31항 지지시위가 10월31일로 예정된 것에 앞서 달후이센 부국장은 “우리는 모스크바당국에 예정된 헌법 제31항이 국내법과 완전히 부합하며 유럽인권재판소에서 보장한 연대의 자유를 포함할 것”을 거듭 당부했다.
MOSCOW MAYOR URGED TO PROTECT FREEDOM OF ASSEMBLY
22 October 2010Amnesty International is calling on the new mayor of Moscow, Sergei Sobyanin, to protect the right to peaceful assembly after the European Court of Human Rights ruled that the city’s recent banning of Pride marches was discriminatory.
The Court found on Thursday that Russia had violated the right to peaceful assembly and the prohibition of discrimination by preventing lesbian, gay, bi-sexual and transgender activists from holding marches in Moscow from 2006 to 2008.
“The decision by the European Court of Human Rights confirms the fact that the right to peaceful assembly has been violated in Moscow in recent years. It serves as an important reminder that this right must be enjoyed by all persons in Moscow, without discrimination on grounds such as sex, race, colour, language, religion, political or other views,” said John Dalhuisen, Deputy Director of the Europe and Central Asia Programme.
The Court stressed that the possibility of public disturbances and violence against marchers, as cited by the Moscow authorities, was not sufficient to justify the ban.
“It is the authorities’ duty to make sure that participants in gay pride marches, as well as those who wish to express their disagreement with such events, can demonstrate peacefully and lawfully and not be subjected to physical violence by their opponents,” John Dalhuisen said.
“The authorities must not be intimidated by blatantly unlawful calls for violence by the event’s opponents as grounds to ban them or to use such calls as an excuse for the ban.”
Amnesty International’s call comes ahead of a planned demonstration in Moscow on 31 October in support of Article 31 of the Russian Constitution, which guarantees the right to peaceful assembly.
Over the last 18 months, pro-freedom of expression demonstrators have been refused permission to assemble in Triumfalnaya Square, in the centre of Moscow, on at least ten occasions. Peaceful gatherings on Triumfalnaya Square have been declared “unauthorised” by Moscow authorities and dispersed by police.
“We are calling on the Moscow authorities to ensure that their decision on the planned Article 31 demonstration is fully in line with national law and respect the freedom of assembly as guaranteed by the European Court of Human Rights,” said John Dalhuisen.