국제앰네스티는 짐바브웨 마랑게(Marange) 지역의다이아몬드 광산에서 발생한 인권침해를 폭로한 이유로 구금되었었던 활동가에 대한 기소취하를 환영했다.
지난 22일, 하라레(Harare) 지역의 치안법원에서 국가측 변호인단은 파라이 마구우(Farai Maguwu)에 대한 모든 기소를 취하했다.
파라위 마구우는 지난 7월 킴벌리 프로세스 인증체계(Kimberley Process Certification Scheme; KP)에 마랑게지역 다이아몬드 광산에서 보안군에 의해 자행된 인권침해를 알린 뒤 “정부에 반하는 정보발행 및 순환”을 이유로 기소되었다.
국제앰네스티 미셸 카가리(Michelle Kagari) 아프리카국 부국장은 “우리는 파라이 마구우에 대한 기소취하 결정을 매우 기쁘게 받아드리는 한편 짐바브웨 내의 인권활동가에 대한 핍박과 표현, 연대, 결사 의 자유 제한에 대하여 우려 하고 있다”고 밝혔다.
다음날인 23일 파라이 마구우는 국제앰네스티에“이 사건 은 나의 자유를 억압하고 있었다. 나는 이동에 제한을 받았으며 스스로 말을 조심해야 했다… 나는 국제앰네스티가 나를 돕기위해 한 일들을 매우 기쁘고 고맙게 생각한다”고 말했다.
관련 국제인권뉴스 보기 : 짐바브웨 다이아몬드 광산 활동가, 보석으로 석방돼 (2010/07/13)
ZIMBABWE COURT DROPS CHARGES AGAINST DIAMOND FIELDS ACTIVIST
22 October 2010Amnesty International has welcomed the withdrawal of charges against a Zimbabwean activist who was detained for five weeks after he exposed human rights violations in the country’s diamond fields in Marange.
On Thursday, at a magistrate’s court in Harare, government lawyers withdrew all the charges against FaraiMaguwu. However, these charges could be reinstated at a later date.
FaraiMaguwu was charged in June with “publishing or communicating false information prejudicial to the state” after he reportedly told a diamond trade monitor from the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP)about the abuses carried out by security forces in the Marange diamond fields.
FaraiMaguwu had been detained since his arrest on 3 June and was released on bail on 12 July,.
“While we are thrilled that the charges against Farai Maguwu have been withdrawn, we remain concerned about persistent harassment of human rights defenders in Zimbabwe, including restrictions to their ability to exercise their rights to freedom of expression, association and assembly” said Michelle Kagari Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for Africa.
On Friday, FaraiMaguwu told Amnesty International: “This case was limiting my freedom. My travel was limited. I had to censor myself… I’m very happy and grateful for the work that Amnesty did [to support me]”Maguwu was charged under Section 31 of the Criminal Law (Codification and Reform) Act.
Farai Maguwu’s lawyers have said that he was detained as punishment for revealing human rights violations to a diamond monitor from the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP), which certifies rough diamonds as being free from links to violence.
Abbey Chikane, the KP monitor on Zimbabwe, stated in his report on the country’s compliance with the KP scheme that he met with FaraiMaguwu in the presence of state intelligence officers, raising fears that the activist’s safety had been compromised.
The monitor’s statement also called into question the Kimberley Process’ methods for protecting people who provide information about human rights violations at Zimbabwe’s diamond fields.
FaraiMaguwu is the head of the Centre for Research and Development (CRD). The organization has played a key role investigating human rights violations against those working in and living close to the Marange diamond fields as an official observer of the Kimberly Process.