국제앰네스티는 미국정부는 위키리크(Wikileaks)를 통해 밝혀진 이라크인 피구금자에 대한 이라크 보안군의 고문과 부당한 대우에 관해 실무자들이 얼마나 알고 있었는지 조사해야 한다고 밝혔다.
국제앰네스티중동•북아프리카국(局) 말콤스마트(Malcolm Smart) 국장은 “우리는 아직 유출된 자료들을 정밀하게 분석하지 못했지만 미국당국이 고문의 존재를 알고 있음에도 불구하고 이라크 보안군에 피구금자들을 전달하는 과정에 있어 심각한 국제법위반을 저질렀을 수도 있다는 점은 매우 우려된다”고 밝혔다.
이는 지난 9월 국제앰네스티가 발행한“ 새로운 질서, 똑같은인권침해: 이라크내의 불법 구금과 고문”과 근접하게 일치한다 .
수 천명의 이라크인 피구금자들은 2009년 초부터 2010년 7월까지 미국과의 협약에 따라 이송 되었으며 이 협약은 피구금자의 인권보호에 대한 어떠한 조항도 담고 있지 않다 .
모든 정부와 같이 미국당국 또한 국제법에 따라 고문과 부당한 대우들이 자행되지 않게 막을 의무가 있을 뿐만 아니라 고문을 일삼는 당국에 피구금자를 남기지 않아야 한다.
USA MUST INVESTIGATE DETAINEE ABUSE CLAIMS IN WIKILEAKS FILES
22 October 2010Amnesty International today called on the USA to investigate how much US officials knew about the torture and other ill-treatment of detainees held by Iraqi security forces after new evidence emerged in files released by the Wikileaks organization on Friday.
“We have not yet had an opportunity to study the leaked files in detail but they add to our concern that the US authorities committed a serious breach of international law when they summarily handed over thousands of detainees to Iraqi security forces who, they knew, were continuing to torture and abuse detainees on a truly shocking scale,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.
The new disclosures appear to closely match the findings of New Order, Same Abuses: Unlawful Detentions and Torture in Iraq, a report published by Amnesty International in September 2010 detailing the widespread torture and other ill-treatment of detainees by Iraqi forces, committed with impunity.
Thousands of Iraqis who had been detained by US forces were transferred from US to Iraqi custody between early 2009 and July 2010 under an agreement between the USA and Iraq that contains no provisions for ensuring protection of the detainees’ human rights.
“These documents apparently provide further evidence that the US authorities have been aware of this systematic abuse for years, yet they went ahead and handed over thousands of Iraqis they had detained to the Iraqi security forces,” said Malcolm Smart.
The USA is a party to the UN Convention against Torture, the main international treaty prohibiting torture, which requires all states to prohibit torture and to refrain from transferring detainees to the authorities of another state at whose hands they face torture.
Amnesty International continues to campaign for full accountability in the cases of all those detainees tortured and ill-treated by USA military personnel in Iraq , such as those in Abu Ghraib prison.
The US authorities, like all governments, have an obligation under international law not only to ensure that their own forces do not use torture, but also that people who were detained and are being held by US forces are not handed over to other authorities who are likely to torture them.
“The USA failed to respect this obligation in Iraq, despite the great volume of evidence, available from many different quarters, showing that the Iraqi security forces use torture widely and are allowed to do so with impunity.” said Malcolm Smart
“The information said to be in these documents also underscores the urgent need for the Iraqi government to take concrete measures to end torture, ensure the safety of all detainees, and root out and bring to justice those responsible for torture and other serious human rights abuses, however senior their position.”