인도네시아정부는 2년전 파푸아에서 발생한 고문과 부당한 대우에 대하여 발행된 보고서에 관한 독립적인 수사를 진행해야 한다고 국제앰네스티는 전했다.
지난주 인터넷에 공개된 영상에는 파푸아사람들이 발로 걷어차이고 일부 경우에 유니폼을 입은 사람에게 신체적으로 고문 당하는 영상을 담고 있다.
국제앰네스티 도나게스트(Donna Guest) 아시아•태평양부국장은 “이번에 공개된 영상은 인도네시아에서 자행된 고문과 부당행위들이 많은 경우에 조사되지 않고 처벌되지 않는다는 것을 다시 한번 상기시켜준다”며 “우리는 보안군에 의한 고문에 관한 보고를 지속적으로 받고 있다. 그러나 독립적인 수사는 이루어지지 않고 있으며 처벌받아 마땅한 사람들은 아주 드문 경우에만 독립된 재판을 받는다”고밝혔다 .
인권활동단체가 입수한 다른 경찰영상은 심각한 복부부상을 입은 야완와예니(YawanWayeni) 파푸아 정치활동가가 아무런 경찰의 도움도 받지 못한 체 죽음에 이르는 상황을 담고 있다.
국제엠네스티는 국가인권위원회에 조사를 맞길 것을 인도네시아정부에 촉구했으며 위원회조사관들이 조사에 임하는데 있어 안전을 보장하고 피해자, 목격자, 그리고 그들의 가족의 안전 또한 보장 할 것을 요구했다.
INDONESIAN AUTHORITIES URGED TO INVESTIGATE PAPUA “TORTURE VIDEO”
The Indonesian government should initiate an independent investigation into reports of torture and other ill-treatment in Papua over the last two years, Amnesty International said today.
A video published online last week shows Papuans being kicked and physically abused, in some instances by men in uniform.
“The release of this video is the latest reminder that torture and other-ill-treatment in Indonesia often go unchecked and unpunished,” said Donna Guest, Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Deputy Director.
“We continue to receive regular reports about torture by members of the security forces. However, there are often no independent investigations, and those responsible are rarely brought to account before an independent court.”
Another recent police video obtained by human rights groups showed YawanWayeni, a Papuan political activist, with severe abdominal injuries receiving no assistance from police officials just before his death.
YawanWaveni had reportedly been arrested by members of the Police Mobile Brigade in August 2009 at his house in Yapen Island, Papua.
Amnesty International urges the Indonesian government to appoint the National Human Rights Commission to lead the investigation.
The government should also ensure the security of the members of the commission carrying out the investigation, as well as the security of victims, witnesses and their families.
Amnesty International called on the Indonesian government to publicize findings and make them accessible, whenever relevant, to victims and their families.
“The authorities must send a clear public message to all members of the security forces in Indonesia, especially in Papua, that torture and other ill-treatment is strictly prohibited at all times and, if it occurs, full criminal investigations will begin,” said Donna Guest.
In December 2009, Amnesty International wrote to the National Head of Police to provide details about a pattern of police abuse in Nabire, Papua.
Between December 2008 and April 2009, police officials used unnecessary and excessive force against demonstrators, injuring at least 21 people there. Police also repeatedly beat and otherwise ill-treated at least 17 people during and after arrests between January and April 2009.
Amnesty International also received credible information on two cases of unlawful killings by security forces in Papua during April and June 2009.
To date, Amnesty International has still not received a written response to this letter, and is unaware of any independent and impartial investigation into these reports.
As a state party to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (UNCAT), Indonesia is legally bound to prohibit torture and other ill-treatment in all circumstances. The National Constitution and the 1999 Human Rights Act also prohibit torture. However, Indonesia’s Criminal Code has yet to incorporate a definition of torture that is in line with the UNCAT, and with clear sanctions.
Amnesty International recognizes that there is a low level insurgency in Papua and the obligation, and responsibility, of the Indonesian government to protect its citizens.
However there is an absolute prohibition on torture and other ill-treatment under international law.