국제앰네스티 마두 말호트라(Madhu Malhotra) 아시아•태평양국 부국장은 “국제앰네스티는 스리랑카의 책무성을 확립하고 화해를 도모하는 신뢰성있는 조사위원회에 참석 할 수 있는 기회를 환영할 것이다”라면서도 “우리는 효과적인 자체조사는 인권보호와 책무성확립에 있어 매우 중요하다고 믿지만, LLRC는 필요조건을 만족시키지 않는다”라고 밝혔다.
국제앰네스티, 휴먼라이츠와치, 국제위기감시기구는 지난 14일 공동서한을 통해 현 교훈화해위원회는 국제기준으로 볼 때 독립성과 불편부당성이 결여됐기 때문에 위원회에 참석하지 않을 것 이라고 발표했다.
국제앰네스티는 스리랑카의 교훈화해위원회(Lessons’s Learnt and Reconciliation Commission; LLRC)의 초대를 거절하고 전쟁범죄와 전쟁 중 자행된 다른 종류의 인권침해에 대한 국제조사를 다시 한번 요구했다.
과거와 마찬가지로, LLRC는 정부가 계속되는 인권침해와 책무성 문제를 다루는데 실패해왔던 맥락에서 볼 수 있다.
국제앰네스티는 2009년 보고서 “20년간의 속임수: 스리랑카의 조사위원회”에서 스라랑카의 길고 긴 불처벌의 역사와 실패적이었던 대통령 직속 조사위원회에 대하여 기록한 바 있다.
INTERNATIONAL INQUIRY NEEDED TO ADDRESS ALLEGED WAR CRIMES IN SRI LANKA
14 October 2010Amnesty International has declined an invitation to appear before Sri Lanka’s Lessons Learnt and Reconciliation Commission (LLRC) and calls again for an international inquiry into the evidence of war crimes and other abuses during the civil war.
In a joint letter released on Thursday, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the International Crisis Group announced that they would not appear before the Commission, saying it did not meet international standards for independent and impartial inquiries.
“Amnesty International would welcome the opportunity to appear before a credible commission of inquiry aimed at securing accountability and reconciliation in Sri Lanka,” said Madhu Malhotra, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Asia-Pacific.
“We believe effective domestic inquiries are essential to human rights protection and accountability. But the LLRC falls far short of what is required.”
Like its predecessors, the LLRC exists against a backdrop of continuing government failure to address accountability and continuing human rights abuses.
Amnesty International documented Sri Lanka’s long history of impunity and the failed Presidential Commission of Inquiry in its 2009 report Twenty Years of Make-believe; Sri Lanka’s Commissions of Inquiry.
“The LLRC’s mandate, its composition, its procedures, and the human rights environment in which it is operating all conspire to make a safe and satisfactory outcome for victims of human rights violations and their families extremely unlikely,” said Madhu Malhotra.
“Amnesty International is particularly concerned about the lack of any provisions for witness protection and the fact that former officials who have publicly defended the Sri Lankan government against allegations of war crimes serve on the commission.”
Amnesty International has received numerous credible reports from witnesses that both the government security forces and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) committed serious violations of international humanitarian and human rights law during the armed conflict, particularly in the final months of the war.
Some of their testimony was included in Amnesty International’s 2009 briefing Unlock the Camps; Safety and Dignity For The Displaced Now. But the LLRC’s mandate does not require it to investigate these allegations, which include summary executions, torture, attacks on civilians and civilian objects, and other war crimes.
“The hundreds of civilians who sought to testify before the LLRC in Killinochchi in September did so without guarantees of protection or any real hope of justice. Their willingness to come forward shows the need of Sri Lanka’s war survivors for news about what happened to missing relatives and for justice,” said Madhu Malhotra.
“If the Sri Lankan government is serious about accountability and reconciliation, it must be serious about truth and justice for these people. Any credible commission must be given adequate scope and resources to allow for individuals to receive a fair hearing and sufficient authority to ensure redress. It must also treat all witnesses in a safe and humane fashion.”
Amnesty International said it remains committed to contributing to any genuine effort in Sri Lanka to find a just way forward from the decades of civil war and human rights abuses.