인권뉴스

코소보, 집시인들 강제송환조치 중단해야


국제앰네스티는 2010년 9월 28일 발행된 보고서를 통해 유럽연합 회원국들은 집시들과 다른 소수자들을 코소보로 강제송환하는 것을 중단해야 한다고 전했다.

이번 보고서 “환영받지 못한 사람들: 집시의 코소보 강제송환을 멈춰라”는 집시들과 다른 소수민족 집단들이 입은 옷만 걸친 채로 코소보로 강제송환 되고 그곳에서도 또 차별과 폭력에 노출되게 되는 현실을 자세히 기록하고 있다.

국제앰네스티 유럽•중앙아시아국(局) 시안 존스(Sian Jones) 부국장은 “유럽연합 회원국들이 사람들을 박해나 다른 심각한 해를 입을 위험이 다분한 곳으로 강제송환해 국제법을 어길 위험을 무릎 쓰고 있다. 유럽연합은 집시들과 코소보 내 다른 소수민족 사람들이 안전하게 돌아갈 수 있도록 지속적으로 국제적 보호를 제공해야 한다”라고 말했으며 “코소보 정부 또한 이들이 자발적으로 귀환하고 사회에 완벽히 재통합될 수 있도록 해야 한다.”라고 밝혔다.

상당수의 사람들이 이른 아침에 짐을 챙기지도 못한 채 경찰에 연행되었으며 종종 입은 옷 그대로 송환되었다. 송환되는 사람들은 코소보로 오기까지 거의 지원을 받지 못한다. 대부분의 사람들이 교육, 의료, 주거, 사회 혜택들을 받지 못한다는 뜻이다. 이들의 실직율은 97%에 달하며 극소수만이 직장을 찾을 수 있다.

시안 존스 부국장은 “최근 코소보 정부가 송환된 사람들의 환경을 향상 시키기 위해 조치를 취하고 있지만 정부에겐 이들의 복귀와 정착을 도울만한 재원, 능력, 자원, 정치적 의지가 없다”라고 밝혔다.

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GUATEMALAN CONGRESS URGED TO RESIST ATTEMPTS TO REAPPLY DEATH PENALTY

5 October 201028 September 2010European Union (EU) countries should end the forcible return of Roma and other minorities to Kosovo, Amnesty International said in a report published on Tuesday.

Not welcome anywhere: Stop the forcible return of Roma to Kosovo, details how Roma and members of other minority communities, including children, are forcibly returned to Kosovo often with nothing but the clothes they are wearing, to face the possibility of continuing discrimination and violence.

“EU countries risk violating international law by sending back people to places where they are at risk of persecution, or other serious harm. The EU should instead continue to provide international protection for Roma and other minorities in Kosovo until they can return there safely,” said Sian Jones, Amnesty International’s expert on Kosovo.

“The Kosovo authorities must also ensure that Roma and other minorities can return voluntarily and reintegrate fully in society.”

Many are picked up by the police in the early hours of the morning and – with little time to gather their belongings – are often sent back with only the clothes they are wearing.

Few receive any assistance on their return to Kosovo, meaning many also face problems in obtaining access to education, healthcare, housing and social benefits.

Very few Roma are able to find work, with unemployment levels reaching 97 per cent. Roma communities are twice as likely as other ethnic groups to be amongst the 15 per cent of Kosovo’s population who live in extreme poverty.

Inter-ethnic violence continues while discrimination against Roma in Kosovo is widespread and systematic compounded by their perceived association with Kosovo Serbs. Largely Serbian-speaking and often living in Serbian areas of Kosovo, the Roma are still perceived to be allied with the Serbian community.

“Despite recent measures introduced by the Kosovo government aiming to improve conditions for reception and reintegration of returnees, the authorities do not have the funding, capacity, resources or political will to ensure a sustainable return for them,” said Sian Jones.

It has been estimated that around 50 per cent of forcible returnees will leave Kosovo again.

These forcible returns are taking place under bilateral agreements negotiated, or under negotiation, between the Kosovo authorities and European Union (EU) member states and Switzerland.

It has been reported that almost 10,000 Roma were legally obliged to leave the country and are therefore at risk of forcible return to Kosovo from Germany alone.

While genuinely voluntary returns must not be excluded, Amnesty International said it is concerned by reports that people agreed to go back only under the threat of forcible return.

“Until the Kosovo authorities are capable of ensuring the fundamental human rights of Roma and other minority communities, including Serbs and minority Albanians, they will return to face a climate of violence and discrimination,” Sian Jones said.

“Until then, the international community is obliged to provide them with protection.”

After the 1999 war in Kosovo, many Serbs and Roma fled to Serbia, others sought international protection in EU member states and Switzerland.

In March 2004, Serbs and Roma were again forced to flee Kosovo as inter-ethnic violence broke out between Albanians and Serbs, which also affected Roma communities.

Many of those now being forcibly returned also left Kosovo in early 1990s, when war broke out in what was then the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Following Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence in February 2008, the Kosovo authorities have come under increasing pressure from EU member states to accept returnees.


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