국제앰네스티는 슬로바키아 정부에게 집시 아동들의 격리 교육을 당장 중단할 것을 요구했다.
현재 관행은 수천 명의 집시아동들을 “가벼운 정신 장애”가 있는 아이들과 같이 수업하거나 민족에 따라 격리된 수업을 듣게 하고 있다.
국제앰네스티의 보고서 격리교육을 막기 위한 절차들는 슬로바키아 정부가 차별•격리 방지법을 집행하고 감시하는데 심각한 문제가 있다고 지적하고있다.
국제앰네스티 데이빗 디아즈-요게이스(David Diaz-Jogeix) 유럽 중앙아시아국 부국장은 슬로바키아 전역에 있는 집시 아동들은 광범위한 인종차별의 결과로 계속적으로 낙제로 이르는 교육제도안에 갇혀있다. 이것은 집시아동들에게서 기회균등을 결여 시키고 빈곤과 멸시 속에서 살게하고 있다.”고 전했다.또한, “슬로바키아 정부는 인구 중 많은 수에 영향을 주는 격리정책을 중단 시키기 위해 많은 일들을 해야 한다. 교육 상 격리는 아이들에게 평생의 상처를 주는 것을 위미하며 미래의 기회들을 잔인하게 제한 하는 것이다.”라고 말했다.
2010년 8월 연합정부가 채택한 프로그램은 집시아동들에 대한 격리교육 중단의지를 담고 있다.
하지만 국제앰네스티는 이 정책이 집시 들에 대한 민족차별 중단에 대한 명확하고 명료한 정부 수장의 발언으로 이어지지 않은 것에 대한 우려를 표하며 이들에 대한 격리는 받아들일 수 없고 우선적으로 이에 맞서 싸울 것이라고 말했다.
SLOVAK GOVERNMENT URGED TO END SEGREGATION FOR ROMANI CHILDREN
2 September 2010Amnesty International has urged the Slovak government to immediately end the segregation of Romani children in the country’s education system.
This practice leaves thousands of Romani pupils in substandard education in schools and classes for pupils with “mild mental disabilities” or ethnically segregated mainstream schools and classes.
In a briefing to the Slovak government, Steps to end segregation in education, Amnesty International points to serious gaps in the enforcement and monitoring of the ban on discrimination and segregation in the Slovak educational system.
“Romani children across Slovakia remain trapped in a school system that keeps failing them as a result of widespread discrimination. It deprives Romani children of equal opportunities and sentences them to a life of poverty and marginalization,” said David Diaz-Jogeix, Amnesty International Europe and Central Asia Deputy Director.
“The Slovak government has much to do to end the segregation that has an impact on a large part of the country’s population. Segregation in education means a life-long stigma for children whose future chances are brutally limited. It is a practice that does not belong to 21st century Europe and must be eliminated.”
Segregation of Romani children takes various forms: special schools or special classes within mainstream schools designed for pupils with “mild mental disabilities” and mainstream Roma-only schools and classes.
While Roma are estimated to comprise less than 10 per cent of Slovakia’s total population, they make up 60 per cent of the pupils in special schools, according to a 2009 survey.
In regions with high Romani populations three out of every four pupils in special schools are Roma. Eighty five per cent of the children in special classes in mainstream schools across the country are Roma.
The causes of segregation are complex and include entrenched anti-Roma attitudes as well as policy failures in the education system such as early and flawed child assessment and insufficient support for Romani children within mainstream education.
Widespread anti-Romani sentiment across the country expressed by non-Roma parents and educational professionals, has also led to segregation of Romani children even in mainstream schools and classes.
This has led to a situation in which Romani children are sometimes literally locked into separate classrooms, corridors or buildings to prevent them from mixing with non-Roma pupils.
The coalition government’s programme adopted in August 2010, included the commitment to eliminate segregated schooling of Roma.
Amnesty International said it is concerned that this has not been followed by a clear and unequivocal statement by the head of government that ethnic discrimination and segregation of Roma is unacceptable and will be combated as a matter of priority.
“The idea that separate can be equal has been discredited. Slovakia cannot continue to deny its Romani children their right to education without discrimination,” David Diaz-Jogeix said. “The choices that the government makes now will affect the lives of thousands of Romani children. The government holds the key to allow the Roma in Slovakia full participation in Slovak and European society.”
Amnesty International called on the Slovak authorities to:• Provide the State School Inspectorate with adequate resources, including robust, detailed guidelines and procedures on how to identify, monitor and combat segregation in practice;• Begin the systematic collection of data on education, disaggregated on the basis of gender and ethnicity;• Introduce a clear duty on all schools to desegregate education and provide them with effective support;• Introduce adequate support measures for Roma and non-Roma children who need extra assistance, so that they may achieve their fullest potential within mainstream schools.