국제앰네스티는 인도정부가오리사주 니얌지리 산(Niyamgiri Hills)보크사이트 광산 채굴을 불허하기로 한결정을 선주민 인권에 있어 큰 승리라고 전했다
인도 환경•산림부는 (8월 24일) 영국기업인베단타 자원회사와 주립기업인 오리사 탄광개발사가 제안한 탄광 계획이 이미 환경•산림 보호 법들을 심각히 위반 했을 뿐 아니라 더이상의 사업추진은 동그리아 콘드흐사람들과산에 거주하고 있는 다른 사람들에게 피해를줄 것 이라 판단하고 이를 취소했다.
국제앰네스티 마두 말호트라(Madhu Malhotra) 아시아•태평양국 부국장은 “동그리아 콘드흐와 그 주변 주민들은 이 결정을 위해 수년간 투쟁해왔으며 이 결정을 매우 환영하고 있다. 기업들과 오리사주 정부는 안전체계를 확립하지 않고 단순히 다른 곳으로 이전 하는 것이 아니라는 것을 보증해야 한다. 그들은 위치에 상관없이 선주민과 지역주민들의 인권을 필히 존중해야 한다”라고 밝혔다.
국제앰네스티는 인도 당국에게 이 프로젝트로 영향을 받는 선주민들의 자유롭고 정보에 기반한 결정을 필요로 하는 명확하고 투명하며 국내외 법률에 부합하되 동의절차를 마련할 것을 요구했다.
INDIA REJECTION OF VEDANTA MINE A LANDMARK VICTORY FOR INDIGENOUS RIGHTS
24 August 2010Amnesty International has described the Indian government’s decision to reject the bauxite mine project in Orissa’s Niyamgiri Hills as a landmark victory for the human rights of Indigenous communities.
India’s Ministry of Environment and Forests today rejected the mine project proposed by a subsidiary of UK-based Vedanta Resources and the state-owned Orissa Mining Corporation, after finding that the project already extensively violates forest and environmental laws and would perpetrate abuses against the Dongria Kondh adivasi and other communities on the Hills.
“The Dongria Kondh and other local communities have been struggling for years for this decision, which is a very welcome one,” said Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Deputy Director, Madhu Malhotra.
“The companies and the Orissa government should now guarantee that they will not attempt to simply move the project to another site without ensuring adequate safeguards – they must ensure they will respect the human rights of Indigenous and local communities wherever the companies operate.”
Amnesty International also welcomed the government’s decision to suspend the clearance process for the six-fold expansion of the Lanjigarh refinery at the foothills of Niyamgiri, operated by Vedanta subsidiary Vedanta Aluminium, after a government’s expert committee found it to be illegal.
“The authorities should order a clean-up of the Lanjigarh refinery, which has caused air and water pollution, seriously affecting the rights of neighbouring communities who are finding life there unbearable”, said Madhu Malhotra.
Amnesty International called on government authorities to establish a clear and transparent process that seeks the free, prior and informed consent of any Indigenous communities who may be affected by such projects, and respect their decision, in accordance with national and international law.
The Ministry-commissioned expert report that underpinned today’s decisions, documented the companies’ legal violations and human rights abuses. Its findings and the rejection of the project are consistent with Amnesty International’s extensive report published in February 2010, Don’t Mine us out of Existence: Bauxite Mine and Refinery Devastate Lives in India.
For eight years, the Dongria Kondh and other communities in Niyamgiri have been protesting against bauxite mining plans by Vedanta Resources subsidiary, Sterlite Industries India, and the Orissa Mining Corporation.
The communities were concerned that the project, which would have been situated on their traditional sacred lands and habitats, would result in violations of their rights as Indigenous peoples to water, food, health, work and other rights to protection of their culture and identity.
“After years of struggle and visits by committees our voice has finally reached Delhi,” a Dongria Kondh leader today told Amnesty International.