국제앰네스티는 정치적 혐의로 이란 바하이(Baha’i) 소수 종교 구성원 7명에 20년형이 선고된 것을 비난했다.2년 전 체포된 이란 바하이 공동체 지도자 남성 5명과 여성 2명은 지난 8월 7일 테헤란(Tehran) 혁명 재판소에서 “이스라엘 간첩 활동”, “신성모독” 및 “반체제선동” 혐의 등으로 유죄선고를 받았다.
파리바 카말라바디(Fariba Kamalabadi), 자마로딘 칸자니(Jamaloddin Khanjani), 사이드 레자이(Saeid Rezaie), 마바슈 사베트(Mahvash Sabet), 베루즈 타바콜리(Behrouz Tavakkoli), 바히드 티즈팜(Vahid Tizfahm) 등 7명은 기소 혐의를 전면 부인했으며 변호인단을 통해 항소할 예정이라고 전했다.
국제앰네스티 하시바 하지 사라위(Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui) 중동 및 북아프리카 부국장은 “이번 판결은 바하이 공동체에 대한 이란 당국의 심각한 차별을 명백히 나타내는 통탄할 행위다”며 “바하이 지도자 7명은 탄압받고 있는 바하이 소수자를 대표해 그들의 믿음을 표현하거나 평화적 행위를 행사했다는 이유만으로 구금된 양심수다”라고 말했다.
Sentences against jailed Iranian religious minority leaders condemned
10 August 2010
Amnesty International has condemned the sentencing of seven members of Iran’s Baha’i religious minority to 20 years in jail on a series of politically motivated charges.
The five men and two women, leaders of the Baha’i community in Iran who were arrested over two years ago, were convicted on Saturday 7 August of crimes including “espionage for Israel”, “insulting religious sanctities” and “propaganda against the system” by a Revolutionary Court in Tehran.
Fariba Kamalabadi, Jamaloddin Khanjani, Afif Naeimi, Saeid Rezaie, Mahvash Sabet, Behrouz Tavakkoli, and Vahid Tizfahm have denied all the charges against them and lawyers for the seven have indicated that they will appeal.
“This verdict is a sad and damning manifestation of the deeply-rooted discrimination against Baha’is by the Iranian authorities,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa deputy director.
“These seven Baha’i leaders, some of whom are elderly, are prisoners of conscience jailed solely on account of their beliefs or peaceful activities on behalf of the persecuted Baha’i minority.”
“The seven were held for months without charge before being subjected to a parody of a trial.. They must be immediately released.”
The seven Baha’is, who were arrested between March and May 2008, faced several postponements to their trial while they remained in detention. Their lawyers were rarely allowed to visit their clients and were initially denied access to the court room. One of their lawyers, Nobel laureate Shirin Ebadi, has been unable to return to Iran since June 2009. In February 2010, she told Amnesty International that the seven’s file was empty and the accusations baseless.
The Iranian authorities blamed the Baha’is, among other groups, for orchestrating much of the unrest that took place on the Ashoura religious holiday in December 2009.
The Iranian authorities blamed the Baha’is, among other groups, for orchestrating much of the unrest that took place on the Ashoura religious holiday in December 2009, the last mass demonstration that took in the aftermath of Iran’s disputed presidential election in June 2009. The Baha’i community denies any such involvement.
“The authorities tried to make the Baha’i minority scapegoats for the unrest when there is no evidence that they were involved,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui.
The Baha’i religion is not recognized in Iran’s Constitution and Baha’is have no legal protection.
The Iranian authorities also deny Baha’is equal rights to education, work and a decent standard of living by restricting their access to employment and benefits such as pensions. Iran’s 300,000-strong Baha’i community are not permitted to meet, hold religious ceremonies or practice their religion with other believers.