국제앰네스티는 구체적인 인권 기준이 고려되지 않는 상태에서 아프가니스탄에서 탈레반과 평화협상을 계획하는 것은 아프간 시민, 특히 아프간 여성들의 권리에 심각한 위협이 될 수 있다고 말했다.국제앰네스티는 1월 개최된 런던 회의에 이어 탈레반 및 기타 무장 단체와의 평화 과정을 위한 계획을 세우기 위해 모이는 70개 이상의 협력국, 국제 원조 단체 및 아프가니스탄 국내 대표단에 공식 서한을 보냈다.
국제앰네스티 샘 자리피(Sam Zarifi) 아시아태평양 국장은 “국제앰네스티는 아프가니스탄 정부와 미국/나토(NATO) 협력국이 탈레반 및 기타 무장 단체와의 문제를 신속히 해결하고자 함에 따라 여성의 권리를 포함한 인권이 침해될 가능성이 있다”며 “탈레반은 인권침해, 특히 여성에 대한 인권을 침해한 기록이 있으며, 이들이 정권복귀를 원한다면 개선된 태도를 보여야 한다”고 말했다.
Afghanistan conference raises fears of sacrificing rights for short-term peace
19 July 2010
Plans for a peace deal with the Taleban in Afghanistan could seriously jeopardize the rights of the Afghan people, in particular Afghan women, unless concrete human rights benchmarks are incorporated, said Amnesty International.
An open letter has been sent out by the organization to representatives of more than 70 partner countries, international donor institutions and national delegates from across Afghanistan, who are meeting to build on commitments made in London in January 2010, including drawing up plans for a peace process with the Taleban and other armed groups.
“Amnesty International fears that human rights, including women’s rights, will be compromised as the Afghan government and its US/NATO partners seek a quick solution to the conflict with Taleban and other armed groups,” said Sam Zarifi, Asia-Pacific Director.
“The Taleban have a record of committing human rights abuses and abuses against women in particular and if they want to be brought back into the government then they should demonstrate that they will improve their conduct.”
In areas under Taleban control today, as when in government, the Taleban have severely curtailed the rights of girls and women, including the denial of education, employment, freedom of movement and political participation and representation.
The Taleban and related insurgent groups in Afghanistan show little regard for human rights and the laws of war and systematically and deliberately target civilians, aid workers, and civilian facilities like schools (particularly girls’ schools).
The reconciliation strategy risks legitimising impunity for perpetrators of human rights violations, including possible war crimes and crimes against humanity in Afghan society.
“The Afghan government and its international backers should ensure that former Taleban and members of other armed groups who have committed human rights abuses, war crimes and crimes against humanity are not granted amnesties and are brought to justice,” said Sam Zarifi.
“We should remember that the repeated experience of peace without justice and human rights in Afghanistan has led to further conflict and grave human rights violations over the past three decades. Peace without justice or human rights is not real peace. The route to real and lasting security can only come through the promotion of human rights and rule of law.”
In a letter sent to the delegates of the International Conference in Kabul Amnesty International has made the following human rights recommendations:
• Human rights, including women’s rights, must be guaranteed and monitored in all reconciliation strategies;
• Any agreement must include verifiable benchmarks for the parties’ conformity with their human rights obligations;
• Afghan women are meaningfully represented in the planning stages and during the reconciliation talks, in keeping with UN Security Council Resolution 1325;
• Reconciliation talks should not result in impunity for serious violations of human rights and war crimes.