국제앰네스티는 짐바브웨의 마랑게(Marange) 다이아몬드 광산에서 발생한 인권침해사례를 폭로한 이유로 5주간 구금됐던 짐바브웨 활동가가 보석으로 석방됐다는 소식을 환영했다.파라이 마구우 (Farai Maguwu)는 12일 하라레(Harare) 법원에서 경찰 조사에 연루됐던 증인들과 접촉할 위험이 있다는 검사의 주장에도 불구하고 미화 1,500불의 보석금을 내고 석방됐다.
지난 6월 3일부터 구금됐던 파라이 마구우는 다이아몬드 거래 감시단에 마랑게 다이아몬드 광산에서 발생한 보안군 인권침해사례를 전한 후 “국가에 반한 허위사실유포” 혐의로 기소됐다.
국제앰네스티 미셸 카가리(Michelle Kagari) 아프리카 부국장은 “파라이 마구우의 보석 석방은 매우 좋은 소식이며, 그에 대한 모든 혐의가 취하돼야 한다”며 “그는 짐바브웨 다이아몬드 광산의 보안군 인권침해사례에 대한 합법적 감시 및 기록을 했다는 이유로 기소된 것이다”고 말했다.
Zimbabwe diamond fields activist released on bail
13 July 2010
Amnesty International welcomes the release on bail of a Zimbabwean activist detained for five weeks after he exposed human rights violations in the country’s Marange diamond fields.
Farai Maguwu was released on Monday on conditional bail of US$1,500 by a Harare court, after the judge dismissed prosecutors’ claims that he could interfere with witnesses involved in police investigations into his alleged crimes.
Detained since 3 June, Farai Maguwu was charged with “publishing or communicating false information prejudicial to the state,” after he reportedly told a diamond trade monitor about the abuses carried out by security forces in the Marange diamond fields.
“While Farai Maguwu’s release on bail is a welcome step, all charges against him must be dropped immediately,” said Michelle Kagari, Deputy Director of Amnesty International’s Africa Programme. “He is being prosecuted for carrying out his lawful work of monitoring and documenting human rights violations by security forces at some of Zimbabwe’s diamond fields.”
Bail had been refused at several previous hearings including on Friday after the state prosecutor said more time was needed to complete investigations. Lawyers later appealed the court’s decision.
Farai Maguwu’s lawyers have said that he was detained as punishment for revealing human rights violations to a diamond monitor from the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP), which certifies rough diamonds as being free from links to violence.
Abbey Chikane, the KP monitor on Zimbabwe, stated in his report on the country’s compliance with the KP scheme that he met with Farai Maguwu in the presence of state intelligence officers, raising fears that the activist’s safety had been compromised.
The monitor’s statement also called into question the Kimberley Process’ methods for protecting people who provide information about human rights violations at Zimbabwe’s diamond fields.
Maguwu was released two days before members of the Kimberly Process and the World Diamond Council are to meet in St Petersburg, Russia, to discuss certification of diamonds from Marange.
Farai Maguwu is head of the Centre for Research and Development (CRD). The organization, as an official observer of the Kimberly Process, has played a key role investigating human rights violations against those working in and living close to the Marange diamond fields.