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앙골라, 토고 축구팀 공격사건 연루된 양심수 석방해야

국제앰네스티는 2명의 사망자 및 다수의 부상자를 낳은 토고 축구팀 공격사건 관련 혐의로 앙골라에서 재판을 앞두고 있는 인권 옹호자 2명의 즉각적이고 무조건적인 석방을 요청했다.

프란시스코 루엠바(Francisco Luemba) 변호사와 라울 타티(Raul Tati) 신부는 앙골라의 카빈다 (Cabinda) 지역에서 7월 12 일 발생한 공격사건과 관련해 “국가안보에 반한 기타 행위” 혐의로 재판을 앞두고 있다. 국제앰네스티는 이들을 양심수로 선언했다.

이들은 현재 금지된 인권단체 므팔라반다(Mpalaband)의 회원이었으며, 지난 수년간 정부 및 카빈다의 분리독립을 추구하는 무장 단체인 카빈다해방전선(Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda State FLEC)을 공개적으로 비판해왔다.

국제앰네스티 물루카-안느 미티(Muluka-Anne Miti) 앙골라 조사관은 “이들은 카빈다에 대해 평화적으로 자신들의 견해를 표현했다는 이유만으로, 토고 축구팀 공격사건을 악용해 인권옹호자들을 억압하고 있는 당국에 의해 체포됐다”며 “국제앰네스티는 토고 축구팀에 대한 개탄스러운 공격 행위를 비난하며, 당국은 범인에 대한 사법적 심판을 보장해야 한다”고 말했다.

토고 축구팀은 아프리카 네이션스컵 참가차 1월 8일 버스로 카빈다 지역을 통과하던 중 포화 공격을 받았다.

경찰은 공격 직후 라울 타티와 프란시스코 루엠바를 체포했다. 이들은 카빈다에 대한 서류를 지참하고 있었고, 지역 내 분쟁의 평화적 해결방안을 위한 회의를 마친 후였다. 

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Angola urged to free prisoners of conscience facing trial over Togo football team attack
9 July 2010

Amnesty International has called for the immediate and unconditional release of two human rights defenders facing trial in Angola on charges linked to an attack on the Togolese football team that left two people dead and several injured.

Francisco Luemba, a lawyer, and Raul Tati, a Catholic priest, are set to face trial on charges of the crime of “other acts against the security of the state” on 12 July over the attack in the Cabinda region of Angola. Amnesty International has declared them prisoners of conscience.

Both were members of the now banned human rights organization Mpalabanda and have for many years publicly criticised the government and the Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda State FLEC – an armed group fighting for secession of Cabinda.

“These men have been arrested simply for peacefully expressing their opinion about Cabinda, by authorities that are taking advantage of the attack on the Togolese football team to crack down on human rights defenders.” said Muluka-Anne Miti, Angola researcher at Amnesty International.

“Amnesty International condemns the deplorable attack on the Togolese football team and calls on the authorities to ensure that those responsible are brought to justice.”

The Togolese football team came under fire on 8 January while travelling by bus through Cabinda to attend
the Africa Cup of Nations.

Police arrested Raul Tati and Francisco Luemba shortly after the attack. The men were found with documents on Cabinda and had recently attended a conference aimed at finding a peaceful resolution to the situation in the troubled region.

This conference involved members of Front for the Liberation of the Cabinda State (FLEC), an armed group that has been leading an armed campaign for the secession of the region since Angola’s independence in 1975.

Angolan authorities said that the arrests were made ‘in the context of police investigations aimed at determining the mentors of the terrorist attack against the Togo football team on 8 January 2010’ and charged the defendants with the crime of “other acts against the security of the state”.

Two other detainees, José Benjamin Fuca and Belchior Lanso Tati, who also attended the conference, allegedly confessed to being members of FLEC and all four were accused of violating article 26 of the Angolan Law of Crimes against the Security of the State which states that “all and every act, not foreseen
in the law that puts at risk or could put at risk the security of the state will be punishable”.

“Article 26 violates the principle of legality in criminal law. It is vague and does not enable individuals to foresee whether a particular action is unlawful. It basically means that any act which the authorities say is a crime will be a crime even if this was not stated in law at the time the act was committed,” said Muluka-Anne Miti.

“It clearly violates international human rights law and standards and must therefore be repealed.”

José Benjamin Fuca and Belchior Lanso Tati, who have also been charged under this law, should be released unless they are charged with a recognizable criminal offense and guaranteed a fair trial.

A fifth individual, André Zeferino Puati, who was convicted under this law on 11 June 2010 should be released or re-tried under a law which satisfies the requirements of international standards.


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