국제앰네스티는 러시아 핵 과학자 이고르 수트야긴(Igor Sutyagin)의 석방이 그의 의지에 반해 러시아를 떠날 것을 요구하는 등 협상으로 이용된다면 이는 국제법상 금지된 강제추방에 해당한다고 말했다.
이고르 수트야긴은 러시아 내 간첩활동혐의로 유죄를 선고 받은 이들 중 한 명으로 현재 영국으로 이송된 것으로 알려지며, 미국이 러시아 간첩으로 지목한 10~11명과 교환될 예정이다.
국제앰네스티 니콜라 덕워스(Nicola Duckworth) 유럽 및 중앙아시아 국장은 “만약 이고르 수트야긴이 자신의 의지에 반해 이번 “거래”에 강제적으로 응하게 된다면, 이는 강제 추방과 같다”며 “이렇게 된다면 그는 국제적 기준에 부합 하는 공정한 재심을 통해 무죄를 밝힐 기회를 잃게 되며, 또한 그의 가족 및 친구들과 만날 수 없게 될 것이다”고 말했다.
이고르 수트야긴의 어머니는 그가 이번 거래에 반대했으나 강제로 응하게 됐다고 국제앰네스티에 전했다.
스베틀라나 수트야긴(Svetlana Sutiagina)는 “수트야긴은 자신이 자백서에 서명할 경우, 이번 사건과 관 련해 유럽인권재판소에 대기중인 그의 공판을 포함한 그 어떠한 공정한 재판을 받을 수 없게 된다는 사실을 잘 알고 있다”며 “그 래서 자신의 결백함을 알릴 것을 나에게 부탁했다. 그는 어쩔 수 없이 자백서에 서명해야 했다. 그는 스스로 이번 교환을 일종 의 강제 추방으로 보 고 있다”고 말했다.
Russian scientist could face forcible exile
8 July 2010
Amnesty International has said any deal over the release of a nuclear scientist, Igor Sutyagin, which requires him to leave Russia against his wishes will amount to forcible exile, which is prohibited under international law.
Igor Sutyagin is reportedly being taken to the UK as one of a number of people convicted of spying in Russia who are being exchanged for 10 or 11 individuals alleged by the US to be Russian spies.
“If Igor Sutyagin is opposed to this “deal” and had to accept it under pressure, it may amount to forcible exile,” said Nicola Duckworth, Europe and Central Asia Programme Director.
“It will also deprive him of the chance to clear his name of the charges he has been convicted of in a retrial that is in compliance with international standards for fairness. It will also deprive him of his contacts with family and friends.”
Igor Sutyagin’s mother told Amnesty International that he has opposed this deal but was coerced to accept it.
“He understands that by signing a confession of his guilt, he is losing all chances for a fair trial of his case, including a hearing of his case pending at the European Court of Human Rights. That’s why he asked me to pass on to everyone that he is not guilty. He had to sign this confession as he had no other options. He looks at his swap as an expulsion from the country,” said Svetlana Sutiagina.
His case was highlighted by Amnesty International in 2004 in connection with concerns over freedom of expression and fair trial.
Igor Sutyagin compiled information on military and defence issues in Russia, while working as a private consultant for UK-based Alternative Futures consultancy. He was found guilty in 2004 of “high treason by means of espionage” and was sentenced to 15 years in a strict regime penal colony.
He has always claimed that he had used open public sources only, and always denied guilt in the charges espionage and devolving state secrets.
The case against Igor Sutyagin was initiated by Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB).
Amnesty International believes that the case against him was politically motivated and part of a clampdown on the freedom of expression in Russia that has progressed in recent years to include academic and cultural figures as well as religious groups.
The proceedings against Igor Sutyagin were marred by violations of international fair trial standards. Amnesty International has called for his prompt retrial.
For a number of years, Amnesty International has voiced concerns about the shrinking space for expressing dissenting views, and for independent media and independent non-governmental organizations to operate throughout the Russian Federation.
The organization is concerned about the further encroachments on the right to freedom of expression in Russia.