국제앰네스티는 2001년 9월 11일부터 현재까지 구금 중인 이들에 대한 고문 및 인권침해에 대한 영국정부의 공모와 관련해 독립적이고, 철저하며, 투명한 조사를 진행할 것을 영국 정부에 요청했다.
데이비드 카메론(David Cameron) 영국 총리는 6일 이와 관련해 조사할 것을 밝혔으며, 국제앰네스티는 이것이 과거에 발생한 인권침해사례들에 대한 책무성을 담보하는 중요한 첫걸음이라며 환영했다.
국제앰네스티 니콜라 덕워스(Nicola Duckworth) 유럽 및 중앙아시아 국장은 “해외에 구금된 자들에 대한 인도, 강제구금 및 부당한 대우 등 고문과 기타 인권침해사례에 영국 공무원 및 관리들이 가담했다는 신뢰할 만한 혐의에 대한 계속적으로 조사를 촉구해 왔다”며 “개개인들이 본인들이 겪은 인권침해에 대한 진실을 알 권리는 사법적 정의를 달성하고 국가가 불처벌을 내세우 며 인권을 침해하는 행위를 막으며, 문제를 해결하고 배상 받을 권리를 보장하는 것이다”고 말했다.
UK torture inquiry must be independent and thorough
7 July 2010
Amnesty International has called on the UK government to ensure that its inquiry into UK complicity in torture and other human rights violations of those detained abroad since 11 September 2001 is thorough, independent and as transparent as possible.
The organization welcomes the inquiry, which the UK Prime Minister David Cameron announced yesterday, as an important first step towards achieving genuine accountability for past human rights abuses.
“We have long called for an inquiry into the credible allegations that UK officials and agents were involved in torture and other human rights abuses, including renditions, arbitrary detention and other ill-treatment, of individuals detained abroad” said Nicola Duckworth, Amnesty International’s Europe and Central Asia Director.
“The right of individuals to know the truth about the human rights abuses they have suffered is fundamental in securing their right to redress, ensuring that justice is achieved and that states cannot commit human rights abuses with impunity”
The inquiry will be led by Sir Peter Gibson, who is currently the statutory Commissioner for the Intelligence Services, and will examine the UK’s involvement with detainees in overseas counter- terrorism operations in the aftermath of the 11 September attacks on the USA; including those policies that governed the conduct of UK secret services in their operations abroad.
The detailed terms of reference for the inquiry are yet to be published, but it is expected to focus in particular on cases involving the detention of UK nationals and residents at the Guantánamo Bay detention centre.
The cases of the former Guantanamo Bay detainees are currently subject to criminal investigations and/or civil litigation proceedings; including a civil lawsuit brought by six former detainees – Bisher al-Rawi, Richard Belmar, Omar Deghayes, Binyam Mohamed, Jamil el-Banna and Martin Mubanga – who are seeking financial compensation from the UK government on the grounds of their claims that British intelligence agencies were complicit in their detention, torture and other mistreatment.
Amnesty International remains concerned over certain aspects of the inquiry as proposed by David Cameron.
“It is not clear that the inquiry will have sufficient authority and independence from the executive to ensure that the full truth about the UK’s involvement in human rights abuses can emerge,” said Nicola Duckworth.
The degree to which the inquiry’s hearings will be held in secret and the extent to which the evidence will be kept from the public and from the victims of the alleged abuses is a cause for concern, the organisation said.
For example, the Prime Minister has granted himself the power to decide the extent to which the findings of the inquiry can be made public.
“State secrecy should not be invoked as a means of preventing an independent, impartial and thorough investigation into these allegations and cannot be used to prevent the truth about serious human rights violations emerging.” said Nicola Duckworth.
Additionally, while Amnesty International agrees that the inquiry should not be open- ended and should be carried out promptly, expediency must not be a substitute or compromise for the thoroughness of the inquiry.
Amnesty International calls on the government to ensure that the inquiry’s proceedings are independent, thorough and as transparent as possible and that the conclusions and recommendations of the inquiry are made public.
Genuine accountability for serious human rights violations requires the truth about those violations to be publically known.
The government has also released new guidance for the interrogation by UK security services of detainees held overseas by foreign intelligence agencies and announced that a Green Paper would be published reviewing how intelligence is treated in judicial proceedings.
Amnesty International is currently examining the guidance and will communicate any concerns we have to the government.