국제앰네스티는 지난 10년간 페루의 선주민들의 권리를 옹호해왔던 영국인 천주교 활동가에 대한 강제 송환 조치를 철회할 것을 페루 정부에 요청했다.폴 맥올리(Paul McAuley)는 지역 공동체와 함께 석유, 가스 및 광산채굴 작업과 관련된 착취가 환경에 미치는 악영향에 반대해 시위를 벌이다 페루 당국이 7일 영주권을 취소하면서 강제 송환 위기에 직면하게 됐다.
최근 그는 지난 6월 발생한 아마존 마라뇽(Marañon)강 원유유출사고와 관련해 맹렬한 비난을 한 바 있다.
국제앰네스티 과달루페 마렝고(Guadalupe Marengo) 미주 부국장은 “선주민과 이들의 권리를 지키는 사람들에 대한 페루 정부의 태도는 매우 충격적이다”며 “아마존 공동체와 그들의 환경을 지키기 위해 쉴 틈 없이 일해 온 인권활동가를 추방하고자 하는 시도는 페루에서 발생하는 선주민 권리에 대한 공격의 새로운 예다”라고 말했다.
이어서 마렝고 부국장은 “페루 정부는 즉시 이번 강제 송환 조치를 철회하고 선주민 권리에 대한 탄압을 중단해야 한다”고 말했다.
Missionary defending Amazon tribes in Peru must not be deported
7 July 2010
Amnesty International has called on the Peruvian government to revoke its decision to expel a British catholic activist who has spent the past ten years defending the rights of the country’s Indigenous people.
Paul McAuley, who helps local communities protest against the effect of oil, gas and mining exploitation on their environment, is facing deportation today after the authorities said they would cancel his residency permit.
He recently publicly denounced an oil spill into the waters of Amazonian river Marañon, in June.
“The government’s attitude towards Indigenous people and those who work to protect their rights is deeply disturbing,” said Guadalupe Marengo, Deputy Americas Director at Amnesty International.
“This attempt to expel a human rights advocate who has worked tirelessly to protect Amazon communities and their environment is the latest example of the attack on Indigenous People’s rights that is taking place in Peru.”
In a letter to the Interior Minister on 5 July, Amnesty International pointed out that the missionary had been given no opportunity to appeal the rejection of his residency permit that was announced on 2 July, when he was given seven days to leave the country and never return.
Paul McAuley has worked to raise awareness amongst the local population about their rights, which are enshrined in international human rights law, while speaking out on the effects of extractive companies.
The Peruvian government has described Paul McAuley’s human rights work as ‘political’, with Prime Minister Javier Velazquez declaring that “foreigners living in Peru are restricted from participating in political activities.”
“Brother Paul”, as he is known amongst the communities he works with, has been awarded an MBE by the Queen of England for his work, along with The Spanish Order Medal and Prize.
“The government must immediately revoke this expulsion and end its continuing crackdown on Indigenous people as they battle for their human rights,” Guadalupe Marengo.
In June, President Alan Garcia failed to confirm a law requiring consultation with Indigenous people on matters that affect them that already had been passed by the Peruvian congress.
Indigenous leaders continue to face unsubstantiated charges and no-one has yet been brought to trial for the violence that occurred when police broke up a protest staged by Indigenous people over land and resources at Bagua in June 2009, which left 33 people dead, including 23 police officers.
The protest stemmed from the government’s failure to consult with Indigenous people over a series of decree laws that would have affected their land and resources.