국제앰네스티는 납치 혐의로 감금됐다가 무죄판결을 받은 멕시코 시위자 소식이 멕시코가 유죄를 확고히 하기 위해 사법시스템을 남용한 사례라고 밝혔다.
멕시코 대법원은 2006년 산 살바도르 아텐코(San Salvador Atenco)시에서 시위 도중 정부 관리 및 경찰관을 납치했다는 혐의로 유죄판결을 받은 12명의 시위자들이 공정한 재판을 거부당했다는 이유로 석방돼야 한다고 30일 판결했다. 석방은 1일까지 이어져 전원 석방됐다.
국제앰네스티의 루퍼트 녹스(Rupert Knox) 멕시코 조사관은 “환영할만한 대법원의 이번 판결은 멕시코의 주 검사 및 판사들이 불공정한 재판과 불법적이고 조작된 증거에 의존해 체포 및 구금, 유죄판결을 내렸음을 보여준다”며 “하지만, 이번 판결이 끝이 되어서는 안된다. 이번 판결을 토대로 부정의를 저지르는 정부 관리들의 사법적 책무성 및 피해자들에 대한 배상이 이루어질 수 있어야 한다”고 말했다.
이어서 녹스 조사관은 “이번 사건은 증거의 위조 및 그로 인한 불공정한 재판, 잘못된 판결로 귀결되는 여러 사건들 중 하나”라며 “기득권을 위해 사법 시스템을 악용하는 이들에 대한 불처벌을 중단해야 한다”고 말했다.
Release of Mexican social protestors exposes abuses in the justice system
2 July 2010
The acquittal of a group of Mexican protestors jailed for an alleged kidnapping exposes the grave misuse of the justice system to secure convictions, Amnesty International has said.
Mexico’s Supreme Court ruled on Wednesday that the 12 activists, who were convicted of kidnapping government officials and police during a protest in the town of San Salvador Atenco in 2006, should be freed because they had been denied a fair trial. The last of the activists was released late on Thursday night.
“This welcome move by the Supreme Court shows that state prosecutors and judges in Mexico State relied on the denial of due process as well as illegal and fabricated evidence to secure the conviction and imprisonment of the accused.” said Rupert Knox , Amnesty International’s Mexico researcher.
“However, the decision must not be the end of this issue… it should serve as a platform for the officials responsible for perpetrating this injustice to be held accountable and for the victims to receive restitution.
“This is one of many cases where evidence has been interfered with and resulted in unfair trials and grave miscarriages of justice. It is time to end the impunity invariably enjoyed by those who misuse the justice system to suit vested interests.”
Protests broke out in San Salvador Atenco, just outside Mexico City, on 3 and 4 May 2006 after local market vendors were arrested for selling flowers without a permit.
Over 200 protesters were detained, two were killed and dozens more were injured during a police crackdown on demonstrations. Several police officers were also injured and some were held temporarily captive by the protestors.
Amnesty International documented a series of subsequent violations, including failure to effectively investigate serious human rights violations committed by police officers, such as torture – including sexual assault of some female detainees.
Twelve members of the People’s Front for the Defence of Land were sentenced to between 31 and 112 years in prison after an unfair trial for their part in the alleged kidnapping of six police officers and other public officials.
“It is unacceptable that a case must reach the Supreme Court before the victims can access justice,” said Rupert Knox.