국제앰네스티는 방글라데시 보안군이 지난 6월 27일 고위급 야당 정치인의 자택을 급습했을 당시 과도한 무력을 사용했다고 1일 밝혔다.
국제앰네스티에 전해진 증언자료에 의하면, 방글라데시 기동타격대(RAB)는 방글라데시 민족주의당(BNP) 소속 정치인이며 전 다카(Dhaka)시 시장이었던 미르자 압바스(Mirza Abbas)의 자택을 급습해 평화적으로 집결했던 이들에 무력 공격을 감행했다고 한다.
급습의 피해자들은 보안군이 활동가들과 미르자 압바스의 가족을 정당한 이유 없이 지속적으로 구타했으며, 체포 후 치료를 허용하지 않았으며, 석방 조건으로 백지에 서명할 것을 강요했다고 말했다. 국제앰네스티는 이 백지가 자백서로 위조돼 악용될 것으로 예상하고 있다.
국제앰네스티는 피해 남성과 여성이 입은 상처 부위를 촬영했다.
미르자 압바스의 아내 아프로자 압바스(Afroza Abbas)와 그의 85세 어머니를 포함한 20명 이상이 급습에 의해 부상을 입었다.
BNP당 지지자들은 미르자 압바스가 BNP당이 이끈 총파업 중 발생한 폭력사태에 가담했다는 혐의로 체포된 뒤 그의 자택에 모였었다.
국제앰네스티의 압바스 파이즈(Abbas Faiz) 방글라데시 조사관은 “정부는 이번의 폭력적인 급습사건을 둘러싼 상황에 대해 즉각적인 조사에 착수하고, 보안군에 의해 피해를 입은 모든 이들이 정의와 충분한 배상을 받도록 해야 한다”고 말했다.
Bangladeshi security forces used excessive force during raid
1 July 2010
Bangladeshi security forces used excessive force during a raid on the house of a senior opposition politician on 27 June, Amnesty International said on Thursday.
The Bangladesh Rapid Action Battalion (RAB) carried out a violent attack on those gathered peacefully inside the house of Mirza Abbas, a leading Bangladesh National Party (BNP) politician and former mayor of Dhaka, according to testimony given to Amnesty International.
Victims of the raid described sustained and unprovoked beatings of activists and Mirza Abbas’ family members, denial of medical treatment after arrests, and the eliciting of signatures on blank forms as a condition of release, which Amnesty International suspects are for the purpose of falsifying confessions.
Amnesty International has photographed injuries to male and female victims of the beatings.
More than twenty people were injured during the raid, including Mirza Abbas’ wife Afroza Abbas and his 85 year old mother.
BNP supporters had gathered at Mirza Abbas’s house after he been arrested and accused of involvement in violence during a general strike called by the party.
“The government should immediately investigate the circumstances surrounding this violent raid and ensure that any people hurt by security officials receive justice and appropriate compensation,” said Abbas Faiz, Amnesty International’s Bangladesh researcher, from Dhaka.
Amnesty International is calling on the authorities to order security forces to comply with their obligations to exercise restraint and avoid the use of excessive force as the country faces a series of clashes during protests.
At least 80 people have been injured over the past two days as police clashed with striking textile workers and protesters contesting the arrest of three top leaders of the opposition Jamaat-e-Islami party.
The main opposition party, the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP), called for a national strike on 27 June. The strike, which was generally orderly, sparked off clashes between the police and demonstrators in some parts of the country, including in Dhaka.
Hundreds of people have been arrested on allegations of involvement in violence, including Mirza Abbas.
“There has been no evidence that the people in Mirza Abbas’ house were violating any law or in any way threatening anyone, so the violent actions of RAB seem totally unjustified,” said Abbas Faiz. “Given RAB’s history of using of excessive, even lethal, force, this incident demands an immediate and strong reaction from the authorities.”
The RAB claims that the security forces entered the ground floor office of Mirza Abbas after people had thrown pieces of bricks at them from that direction.
However, video footage taken by journalists and viewed by Amnesty International shows no sign of people attacking RAB officers in or around the house, but rather, shows RAB personnel attacking people inside the house.
One woman told Amnesty International that she was in the courtyard fetching water when RAB personnel stormed in and grabbed her: “They beat me on my back, the back of my thighs, my arms and my shoulders with a baton. I fell on the ground but the RAB people continued beating me.”
She said four or five men beat her until she lost consciousness, and that she did not go to hospital out of fear of arrest there.
Another woman said she was handcuffed in front of the house, then was tied up with a rope and dragged into the courtyard where she was beaten.
She was detained for eight hours by police, denied medical treatment, and only released on condition that her husband sign a blank piece of paper that they feared would be used to manufacture false evidence.
A woman who ran to the bathroom to hide from the security forces told Amnesty International that the RAB chased her, forced the bathroom door open, dragged her out and began to beat her. “I kept asking why they were beating me, but they did not stop and did not answer.”
A RAB official who spoke to Amnesty International said “perhaps there should have been more restraint; if there have been excesses, these would be investigated.”
However, the government has so far ignored calls from BNP politicians and at least one MP of the governing Awami League to address RAB excesses in the raid.
“The government of Bangladesh must stop praising security forces for carrying out human rights violations, and instead make them accountable to the rule of law,” said Abbas Faiz.
Amnesty International also called for investigations into any criminal attacks carried out by demonstrators during the general strike to be carried out through the criminal justice system, not punished by security forces outside of the due process of law.