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이스라엘, 서안 지구 팔레스타인 주민 강제 퇴거 강화



국제앰네스티는 최근 이스라엘 군에 의해 요르단 계곡(Jordan Valley) 북부 지역 팔레스타인 주민들이 강제 퇴거됨에 따라, 서안 지구 내 팔레스타인 주민들의 강제 퇴거를 중단할 것을 이스라엘 당국에 요청했다.

요르단 계곡 지역의 팔레스타인 열 일곱 가정은 지난주 퇴거 명령을 받아 강제 퇴거 당할 위기에 처해있다.

국제앰네스티 필립 루터(Philip Luther) 중동 및 북아프리카국 부국장은 “이번 퇴거 명령은 팔레스타인 주민들의 적절한 주거권을 침해하는 수많은 예 중 하나다”라며 “이스라엘 당국은 모든 퇴거 및 철거 명령을 취소해야 한다”고 말했다.

이어서 루터 국장은 “이스라엘 점령 하에 살고 있는 팔레스타인 주민들은 건축할 수 있는 건물과 관련해 매우 엄격한 제한을 받아 매우 어려운 상황에 빠져있다”라며 “그들이 어떠한 선택을 하더라도 거주공간을 잃는다”고 말했다.

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Israel steps up forced evictions of West Bank Palestinians

1 July 2010

Amnesty International has urged the Israeli authorities to halt forced evictions of Palestinians in the West Bank after a recent spate of military eviction orders were served on Palestinians in the northern Jordan Valley.

Seventeen families in the Jordan Valley area are at imminent risk of forced eviction after being issued with eviction orders last week.

“These evictions orders are just one example of Palestinians’ right to adequate housing being violated – the Israeli authorities must immediately cancel all eviction and demolition orders,” said Philip Luther,Amnesty International’s Deputy Director for the Middle East and North Africa.

“Palestinians living under Israeli occupation face such tight restrictions on what they can build that they are in an impossible situation. Whatever choice they make, they face homelessness.”

On 24 June, Israeli military officials, accompanied by soldiers, served eviction orders to two families living in the village of ‘Ein al-Hilwe.

On 27 June, military authorities delivered eviction orders for 15 more families in the nearby area of al-Farisiya. In both cases, residents were told they had 24 hours to leave the area. In total, 83 people face forced eviction in the area.

According to the Palestinian Ma’an News Agency, a spokesperson from the Israeli military authority said the evictions in al-Farisiya were ordered because the homes are in a “closed military zone”.

Under Israeli law, evicted families are not entitled to alternative housing or compensation, meaning many would face homelessness and destitution were it not for relatives, friends and charities.

While homes are often targeted, Israeli authorities have also issued demolition orders against Palestinian schools, clinics, roads, water cisterns, electricity pylons, sheds and animal shelters.

According to the UN, in 2009 more than 600 Palestinians – over half of them children – lost their homes after they were demolished on order from the Israeli authorities.

Amnesty International has called on the Israeli authorities to place a moratorium on house demolitions and evictions in the West Bank.

“The responsibility for planning and building regulations in the Jordan Valley and elsewhere must be removed from the Israeli military authorities and placed solely with the local Palestinian communities,” said Philip Luther.


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