국제앰네스티는 나토(NATO)의 아프가니스탄 작전을 총지휘하게 될 미국의 데이비드 페트라우스(David Petraeus) 장군이 군사 작전 중 발생하는 민간인 사상자를 최소화하기 위해 더 큰 노력을 기울여야 한다고 29일 말했다.또한, 국제앰네스티는 현 스탠리 맥크리스탈(Stanley McChrystal) 사령관을 대체하기 위해 미 상원 인사청문회에 참석 중인 페트라우스 장군에게 군인들의 행동에 대한 확실한 책임을 담보할 것을 요청했다.
국제앰네스티 샘 자피리(Sam Zafiri) 아시아•태평양국 국장은 “데이비드 페트라우스 장군은 아프간인들의 보호를 우선시해야 한다”며 “아프간인들에 대한 인권침해를 저지른 군인들에게 확실한 책임을 지워야 하며, 이는 사령부 교체 이후에도 변함없이 계속돼야 한다”고 말했다.
Petraeus must focus on civilian protection in Afghanistan
29 June 2010
General David Petraeus, the US commander set to take charge of NATO operations in Afghanistan, must redouble efforts to minimise civilian casualties during military operations there, Amnesty International said today.
The organisation is also calling on General Petraeus, who is currently attending nomination hearings in the US Senate to replace General Stanley McChrystal as commander of international forces in Afghanistan, to ensure soldiers are held accountable for their actions.
“General David Petraeus has to prioritise the protection of Afghans and ensure that any troops who violate Afghan civilians’ human rights are held accountable,” said Sam Zarifi, Asia Pacific Director for Amnesty International. “Change in command should not change the US and NATO’s commitment to protect civilians.”
General McChrystal introduced a Tactical Directive in July 2009 intended to minimise civilian casualties.
The United Nations found a 28 percent reduction in civilian deaths caused by NATO and US forces in the second half of 2009 compared with 2008, although Amnesty International has received credible reports of an increase in night raids conducted by the international military forces in the first half of 2010.
“There have been some limited improvements. General Petraeus needs to take the next step, and set up a unified mechanism for providing accountability and compensation to civilians for deaths and damages caused by NATO and US troops,” said Sam Zarifi.
“Transparent chains of command and rules of engagement that abide by international law must be established for all forces, so that victims and their families can make complaints, inquire about investigations, and ultimately, receive justice” said Sam Zarifi.
The Taleban and other insurgent groups cause more than two-thirds of civilian casualties in Afghanistan. However, this does not diminish the responsibility of Afghan, NATO and US forces to abide by international humanitarian law, Amnesty International pointed out.
“General McChrystal’s efforts to minimize civilian casualties have been criticized by some as restricting the military’s ability to act. But these critics ignore the fact that respect for international law, including human rights law and international humanitarian law, by all parties involved, is a prerequisite for bringing security to Afghanistan,” said Sam Zarifi.