국제앰네스티는 저명한 언론인이자 인권활동가인 에마뎃딘 박히(Emadeddin Baghi)이 23일 보석 석방된 후 그에 대한 모든 혐의를 취하할 것을 이란 당국에 요청했다.2009년 마틴 에널스(Martin Ennals) 인권상을 수상한 경력이 있는 그는 2009년 12월 체포된 후 최근까지 구금됐었다.
그는 테헤란의 에빈 교도소에서 2억 토만($200,000)의 보석금을 지불하고 석방됐다.
하지만 그에 대해 “국가에 반한 선전행위”와 “국가안보에 반한 행위 공모” 등의 추가적인 혐의가 남아있는 상태이다.
이들 혐의는 2년전 박히가 반정부 최고성직자 고故 몬타제리(Montazeri)와 가진 인터뷰와 관련돼있다.
그는 이들 혐의에 대해 7월 7일 재판을 받을 예정이다. 그에 대한 다른 기소들도 현재 그대로 남아 있다. 그가 유죄를 선고 받고 징역형에 처해진다면 국제앰네스티는 그를 양심수로 지목할 수 있다.
국제앰네스티 하시바 하지 사라위(Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui) 중동 및 북아프리카국 부국장은 “에마뎃딘 박히의 석방은 부당함을 극복하기 위한 작은 진전이다. 하지만 수 백명의 다른 이들이 아직 수감돼있으며 박히도 악명 높은 에빈 교도소에 다시 감금될 수 있다”며 “에마뎃딘 박히는 그의 활동으로 인해 수감과 석방을 반복해왔다. 그에 대한 석방 조건 및 혐의를 취하해야 한다”고 말했다.
Award-winning Iranian journalist released on bail
23 June 2010
Amnesty International has called on the Iranian authorities to drop all charges against the prominent journalist and human rights activist Emadeddin Baghi, following his release on bail on Wednesday.
The recipient of 2009’s Martin Ennals Award for human rights, he had been detained since his arrest in December 2009.
He was released from Tehran’s Evin prison on bail of 200 million Tomans (US$200,000).
Though released, he now faces additional charges of undertaking “propaganda against the state” and “colluding to commit acts against national security”.
The charges relate to an interview he conducted two years earlier with a now deceased government critic and senior cleric, Grand Ayatollah Montazeri.
He is due to face trial on the new charges on 7 July. Several other cases are also pending against him. If convicted and imprisoned, Amnesty International would consider him to be a prisoner of conscience
“The release of Emadeddin Baghi is a small step towards ending injustice. Unfortunately hundred of others are languishing in prisons and Baghi may yet be returned to the infamous Evin prison where so many rights actitivists are held,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International’s Deputy Director of Middle East and North Africa.
“But Emadeddin Baghi has been repeatedly imprisoned and released for his work. All conditions of this release must be rescinded and the charges against him must be dropped.”
Emadeddin Baghi was arrested the day after mass anti-government protests were held in Tehran and other cities during the Shi’a religious occasion of Ashoura, in December 2009.
A few days earlier, BBC Persian TV had aired an interview Baghi had recorded two years earlier with Grand Ayatollah Montazeri, to mark the cleric’s death earlier that month.
Journalists have been subjected to a wave of arrests in Iran following the 2009 post-election demonstrations, often being detained in solitary confinement without charge or trial.
“The Iranian authorities’ crackdown on journalists and human rights activists since the disputed 2009 election is a blatant, but doomed, attempt to repress all criticism and cover up a litany of abuses,” said Hassiba Hadj-Sahraoui.
“Iran must end the harassment of human rights defenders and the criminalization of human rights activism.”
Over 100 journalists perceived as “reformist” are believed to have been arrested following the 2009 demonstrations. At least 40 of them remain detained, imprisoned or on temporary leave at risk of return to prison. Others are free on bail, awaiting trial.
There are frequent reports of further arrests, and the banning of publications.
During a previous period of imprisonment in 2007-2008 prison officials delayed granting Emadeddin Baghi urgently needed medical treatment.
He was eventually granted medical leave, but he still suffers from kidney, bladder and other problems arising from the treatment he suffered. Before his release in 2008, Baghi suffered three seizures and a heart attack.
Baghi has been repeatedly arrested and imprisoned for his work as a human rights activist and journalist in Iran. His imprisonment in 2007 came after being found guilty of “printing lies” and “endangering national security” upon the publication of his book, The Tragedy of Democracy.
He also spent three years in prison between 2000 and 2003 after being convicted of “acting against national security” for his writings about what became known as the serial murders of dissident intellectuals in Iran in the late 1990s, which the government later attributed to “rogue elements” within the Intelligence Ministry.
As well as the Association to Defend Prisoners’ Rights, Emadeddin Baghi also founded another non-governmental organization, the Society of Right to Life Guardians, which campaigns against the death penalty in Iran.