국제앰네스티는 23일 불공정한 정치수 재판을 폭로한 시리아의 변호사이자 인권변호사에게 3년의 징역형이 선고된 것을 비난하며 즉각적이고 무조건적인 석방을 요구했다.
지난 5월 인권 옹호 활동으로 2010 마틴 에널스(Martin Ennals) 상을 수상했던 무하나드 알-하사니(Muhannad al-Hassani)는 23일 다마스커스(Damascus) 법원에서 유죄를 선고받았다.
국제앰네스티 말콤 스마트(Malcolm Smart) 중동 및 북아프리카국 국장은 “무하나드 알-하사니는 처음부터 재판에 설 이유가 없었다”며 “그는 시리아 정부에 의해 고통 받고 있는 이들의 인권을 지키고자 노력하고 불공정한 재판 및 기타 여러 인권침해사례들을 공개한 것뿐인 양심수이다”라고 말했다.
다마스커스 형사 법원은 “민족정서위협” 및 “허위사실유포” 혐의로 알-하사니에 3년 징역형을 선고했다. 시리아 당국은 이러한 애매하고 광범위한 혐의를 남용하여 비평가 및 인권옹호자들을 감금하고 있다.
Syrian human rights lawyer jailed for three years
23 June 2010
Amnesty International has condemned a three year prison sentence imposed on Wednesday on a Syrian lawyer and human rights defender who had publicised the unfair trials of political prisoners and is calling for his immediate and unconditional release.
Muhannad al-Hassani, who in May won the prestigious 2010 Martin Ennals Award recognising the work of human rights defenders, was convicted by a Damascus court on Wednesday.
“Muhannad al-Hassani should not have been on trial in the first place,” said Malcolm Smart, Amnesty International’s director for the Middle East and North Africa.
“He is a prisoner of conscience who has done no more than stand up for the human rights of those who fall foul of the Syrian authorities and expose unfair trials and other abuses.”
The Damascus Criminal Court sentenced al-Hassani to three years in prison after convicting him of “weakening national sentiment” and “conveying within Syria false news that could debilitate the morale of the nation” – vague and broadly-drawn catch all charges that are regularly used by the Syrian authorities to jail peaceful critics and individuals who promote human rights in the country.
Two Amnesty International delegates were present in the court when the sentence was handed down.
The charges were brought against Muhannad al-Hassani after he drew public attention to unfair trials of political prisoners before the notorious Supreme State Security Court (SSSC) and a death that may have been caused by torture or other ill-treatment in detention, and met foreign embassy officials to discuss human rights.
He also played a leading role in Sawasiyah, a local human rights organization which, like others, has not been legally authorised by the authorities. He was arrested on 28 July 2009, days after he observed a trial before the SSSC during which an official seized and destroyed his notes.
“Muhannad al-Hassani’s contribution to human rights has been internationally recognized,” said Malcolm Smart. “Yet, in Syria he has been prosecuted and jailed as if he were an enemy of the state.
“It is now high time for President Assad to intervene. He should order the immediate and unconditional release of Muhannad al-Hassani and order that the sentence and the charges against him are wiped from the slate.”
In May, Muhannad al-Hassani was named as the winner of the 2010 Martin Ennals Award, the most prestigious international prize recognizing the work of human rights defenders around the world.
Muhannad al-Hassani has acted as defence lawyer in a series of trials of political prisoners and has gained a reputation as an outstanding defender of human rights.
The charges on which he was convicted carry a three to 15 year term of imprisonment.
His lawyers are considering an appeal.