어떤 아동도 위법적 또는 자의적으로 자유를 박탈당해서는 안 된다. 아동의 체포, 억류, 구금은 법에 의해 오직 최후의 수단으로서 꼭 필요한 최단기간 동안만 행해져야 한다.유엔아동권리협약, 제37(a).국제앰네스티는 반테러리즘 법에 따라 최소 12세의 아동을 기소하는 문제 있는 기소행위를 즉각 중단하도록 터키 당국에 요청했다.
17일 출간된 보고서 ‘터키: 모든 아동은 권리를 갖는다: 반테러리즘 법에 따른 불공정한 아동 기소를 중단하라(Turkey: All children have rights: End unfair prosecutions of children under anti-terrorism legislation)’ 는 아동을 체포, 구금 및 재판하는 과정에서 체계적으로 침해되는 아동의 권리에 중점을 두고 있다.
최소 12세 아동을 포함한 터키의 아동 수 천명은 정부의 관점에서 테러리즘 옹호시위에 참가했다는 이유만으로 반테러리즘법에 따라 기소됐다. 이 시위들은 주로 쿠르드 민족과 관련돼 있으며, 경찰과의 충돌이 발생하곤 한다.
이번 보고서는 체포 당시나 경찰 구금 당시 부당행위를 당한 피해자들의 직접적인 증언을 담고 있다. 과도한 무력 사용 및 기타 잔혹행위에 대한 보고가 많으나 이에 대해 단 한 명의 경찰관도 사법적 정의를 받지 않았다.
국제앰네스티 앤드류 가드너(Andrew Gardner) 터키 전문가는 “터키 당국은 아동의 체포, 구금 및 재판 과정에 있어서 이들의 권리를 보호해야 할 국제법, 국내법적 책무가 있으나 이러한 권리들은 현재 체계적으로 침해되고 있는 상황이다”며 “체포와 기소가 빈번하게 일어나고 있다”고 말했다.
이어서 가드너 전문가는 “터키 당국은 반테러리즘 법을 국제법적 기준에 알맞게 즉시 개정해야 한다”며 “또한 아동 권리의 침해를 막기 위한 여러 가지의 조치를 취해야 한다”고 말했다.
Turkey must stop unfair prosecutions of children under anti-terrorism laws
17 June 2010
No child shall be deprived of his or her liberty unlawfully or arbitrarily. The arrest, detention or imprisonment of a child shall be in conformity with the law and shall be used only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time. Convention on the Rights of the Child, Article 37(a)
Amnesty International has called on the Turkish authorities to end the flawed prosecutions of children as young as 12 under draconian anti-terrorism legislation.
In a report published today, Turkey: All children have rights: End unfair prosecutions of children under anti-terrorism legislation, the organization focuses on the systematic violations of the rights of the children committed during their arrest, detention and trial.
Thousands of children in Turkey, some as young as 12, have been prosecuted under anti-terrorism legislation, solely for their alleged participation in demonstrations considered by the government to be in support of terrorism. The demonstrations are focused on issues of concern to members of the Kurdish community, and often involve clashes with the police.
The report gives the children’s first-hand accounts of being ill-treated on arrest and while being held in police custody. Despite widespread accounts of excessive use of force and other ill-treatment, no police officer has been brought to justice.
In many cases legal protections for children in pre-charge detention were not followed.
“Children accused of participation in demonstrations are detained in adult police custody in the Anti-Terror branch rather than the Children’s branch of police stations. There, they are often subjected to unofficial interrogation in the absence of lawyers or social workers. Records of these statements are often later used as evidence in the children’s prosecutions,” said Andrew Gardner, Amnesty International’s expert on Turkey.
A child told Amnesty International how he was detained by police at the scene of a demonstration in Diyarbakir:
“A police officer caught me by the arm and beat me with a baton. I tried to escape but another officer caught me and beat me too. After that four or five officers beat me with batons and punched and kicked me.”
Once charged, children are frequently remanded in custody for months before the trial verdict. During this period, children are held under the same conditions as adults and no provision is made for them to continue their education.
Prosecutions are often based on insubstantive evidence or statements taken from the children under pressure. Children as young as 12 have been tried in adult courts in violation of law. Most cases end in convictions with prison sentences, some for many years.
The anti-terrorism legislation that the children are prosecuted under is vague and overly broad in its wording and unfair in its application by judges and prosecutors. Long due amendments to the Anti-Terrorism Law would not alter the broad and vague definition of terrorist crimes under which children are prosecuted.
“The Turkish authorities are obliged under international and domestic law to protect the rights of children, during their arrest, detention and trial. However, these rights are systematically violated. The arrests and prosecutions continue,” Andrew Gardner said.
“The Turkish authorities have to reform anti-terrorism legislation so that it is in line with international standards as a matter of urgency. They must also implement a series of measures to ensure that the rights of children are not violated.”