국제앰네스티는 지난주 수 백명의 사망자와 수 천명의 부상자, 그리고 난민을 낳은 키르기스스탄 남부 지역 폭력사태에 대해 공정한 국제 조사가 이루어질 것을 요청했다.
국제앰네스티 메이시 와이셔딩(Maisy Weicherding) 중앙 아시아 전문가는 “국제 조사만이 모든 관련 당사자들에게 공정하고 신뢰성 있다고 인정받을 것이다”며 “키르기스스탄에 지속가능한 평화와 법치를 다시 회복하는 것이 가장 핵심적이다”라고 말했다.
이어서 와이셔딩 전문가는 “공정한 조사를 통해 인권침해에 대한 증거자료가 지연 없이 수집 및 확보돼 확실한 책무성이 담보돼야 한다”며 “지난 몇 주 간 이와 관련해 범죄를 저지른 이들에 대해 확인 및 심판해야 한다”고 말했다.
이번 사태는 지난 6월 10일 키르기스스탄과 우즈베키스탄 폭력조직 간의 갈등으로 시작된 것으로 전해지고 있다. 이 갈등은 점차 악화돼 오쉬(Osh)의 우즈벡인 밀집 지역과 잘랄아바드(Jalal-Abad) 및 주변 도시와 마을을 중심으로 대규모 방화, 약탈, 살해를 포함한 무력 공격 등으로 이어졌다.
결과적으로 수천 우즈벡 가정들이 인도적 지원 없이 집을 떠나 임시 수용소나 고립 지역 등에 숨어 살고 있다.
와이셔딩 전문가는 “키르기스스탄 당국은 무력 공격에 대한 국제 조사가 가능토록 해야 하며, 인권활동가 및 독립 언론인들이 공정하고 독립적인 조사를 이끌어나가는데 중요한 역할을 맡고 있는 만큼 보호할 수 있어야 한다”고 말했다.
International investigation needed into Kyrgyzstan violence
17 June 2010
Amnesty International has called for an impartial international investigation into the violent events of the past week in southern Kyrgyzstan that left hundreds of people dead and thousands wounded and homeless.
“Only an international investigation is likely to be considered unbiased and credible by all affected groups. It is the key to restoring sustainable peace and the rule of law in the country,” said Maisy Weicherding, Amnesty International’s expert on Central Asia.
“An impartial investigation is needed to make sure evidence of human rights violations is collected and secured without delay and to ensure accountability. The perpetrators of such crimes during the past week must be identified and brought to justice.”
Amnesty International said it is concerned at reports that security forces have attempted to confiscate video and photographic evidence from local journalists and residents who have documented the violence. The reports come amid increasing allegations of collusion of law enforcement officers in some of the human rights violations.
In one particular incident, armed and masked men claiming to be security forces reportedly went to the home of a human rights defender in the town of Bazar Korgan and demanded that his wife hand over his camera and evidence he had collected about human rights abuses. It was reported that when she refused, they fired at the gate to the house.
“Human rights activists and independent journalists play an important role in the documentation of human rights violations. The Kyrgyzstani authorities have a duty to protect them,” said Maisy Weicherding.
The deadly violence is said to have started with clashes between rival gangs of mostly Kyrgyz and Uzbek youths on 10 June and rapidly escalated into large-scale arson, looting and violent attacks, including killings, on mainly Uzbek-populated districts in Osh and later in the city of Jalal-Abad and surrounding towns and villages.
As a result, thousands of Uzbek families have fled their homes and are living in makeshift camps or are hiding in isolated parts of the country without humanitarian assistance.
“The Kyrgyzstani interim government must react immediately to allegations of collusion of security forces and send a clear signal that any human rights violations will be prosecuted,” said Maisy Weicherding.
“The Kyrgyzstani government reports that security forces have regained control over troubled areas. However, the rule of law in the country can be re-established only if it is accompanied with accountability,” Maisy Weicherding said.
“For this to happen, the Kyrgyzstani authorities must seek and facilitate an international investigation into the violent attacks. They must also act to protect human rights activists and independent journalists carrying out their work, as they play a vital role in any independent and impartial investigation.”