인권뉴스

키르기스스탄 주변국들, 국경 개방해야

국제앰네스티는 지난 5일간 키르기스스탄 남부 지역을 휩쓴 폭력사태로 인해 발생한 수 천명의 난민들을 위해 주변국들이 국경을 개방할 것을 요구했다.키르기스스탄 남부 도시 오시(Osh)와 잘랄라바드(Jalal-Abad) 외 우즈벡 인구가 대다수를 차지하는 여러 마을에서 수 백명의 사망자와 수 천명의 부상자가 발생했다.

국제앰네스티는 무장한 청년들이 시가지를 돌며 우즈벡인들에 대한 발포, 살해, 구타, 방화 등을 지속적으로 범하고 있다고 전했다.

현재까지 약 10만명 정도가 분쟁을 피해 우즈베키스탄으로 떠난 것으로 추정된다. 이들은 대부분 우즈벡 출신이며, 여자와 어린이들이 대다수로 우즈베키스탄에서 폭력을 피해 난민지위를 인정받고자 하고 있으며, 우즈베키스탄 당국은 이들을 수용하기 위해 노력하고 있다.

국제앰네스티 메이시 와이셔딩(Maisy Weicherding) 중앙 아시아 전문가는 “우즈베키스탄 당국은 국제 인도 단체들의 무조건적이고 제한 없는 접근을 허용해 이들의 전문 지식과 자원을 바탕으로 난민들의 대량 유입에 대응해야 한다”며 “우즈베키스탄에 입국한 난민들 및 현재 입국 대기중인 이들의 요구를 접수하고 평가하는 데 있어서 인도적 지원이 긴급적으로 요구되고 있다. 이들 중에는 미아들과 이산가족들이 포함돼있다”고 전했다.

한편, 국제앰네스티는 지난 5년간 탄압을 피해 우즈베키스탄을 떠나 키르기스스탄에서 난민지위를 인정 받거나 강제송환을 피해 키르기스스탄 남부 지역에서 숨어살고 있는 이들의 안전에 대해 특히 우려하고 있다.

영어 전문 보기

Kyrgyzstan neighbours urged to open borders

15 June 2010

Amnesty International has called on all countries neighbouring Kyrgyzstan to open their borders to thousands of people desperately seeking refuge from the violence that has engulfed the southern part of the country in the last five days.

The violence in and around the southern cities of Osh and Jalal-Abad and towns and villages in the region with large Uzbek populations has claimed the lives of hundreds of people and left thousands injured.

Amnesty International has received reports that armed young men continue to roam the streets, setting houses on fire, beating, shooting and killing people they believe to be Uzbek.

Up to 100,000 people, mainly of Uzbek origin, and predominantly women and children, are believed to have sought refuge from the violence in Uzbekistan, where the authorities are trying to accommodate those fleeing the violence.

“The Uzbekistani authorities must also ensure unconditional and unhindered access to international humanitarian organizations that have the expertise and resources to deal with such a mass influx of refugees,” said Maisy Weicherding, Amnesty International’s expert on Central Asia.

“There is an urgent need to provide humanitarian assistance to all those who fled from Kyrgyzstan to Uzbekistan, including those who are currently still waiting to enter Uzbekistan, to register and assess the protection needs of everyone, including unaccompanied children, and for families to be reunited.”

Amnesty International has learnt that while many of those fleeing violence are being sheltered in tents, schools and other public buildings in Uzbekistan, others are without adequate acommodation .

“Food, water, shelter, as well as essential medical services must be provided to all, and their security must be ensured,” said Maisy Weicherding.

Amnesty International is particularly concerned for the safety of individuals who fled persecution in Uzbekistan over the last five years and were either recognized as refugees in Kyrgyzstan or were living in hiding in the south of Kyrgyzstan for fear of being forcibly returned to Uzbekistan.

These individuals cannot return to Uzbekistan where they are at risk of torture and long term imprisonment in cruel and inhuman conditions.

Amnesty International has received information that many are now living in fear of their lives, hiding from armed gangs who target Uzbeks. “It is imperative that in this volatile and unpredictable situation the interim government and local authorities in Kyrgyzstan ensure adequate protection for all people in the country and in particular for the most vulnerable,” Maisy Weicherding said.

“The authorities in Kyrgyzstan must also prepare to shelter and feed people fleeing from the south to the north and may also need international humanitarian assistance.”


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