국제앰네스티는 지난 9일 인권침해혐의로 유죄를 선고 받은 고위 장교와 관련해 콜롬비아에서 일어난 1985 보고타 정의궁(Palace of Justice) 인질극 사건의 모든 피해자들에게 정의를 보장할 것을 콜롬비아 당국에 요청했다. 이 사건으로 100명 이상이 사망하고 인권침해를 저지른 고위급 군장교들에 대한 지난 9일의 기념비적인 선고가 뒤따랐다.국제앰네스티 마르셀로 폴락(Marcelo Pollack) 콜롬비아 연구원은 “이번 획기적인 판결을 통해, 정의를 위해 약 25년간 캠페인을 벌여왔던 유가족들은 이 사건의 책임자들을 오랜 기간 보호해온 침묵을 깨기 시작했다”고 말했다.
루이스 알폰소 플라자스 베가(Luis Alfonso Plazas Vega)는 1985년 11월, 대법원 건물에서 군이 4.19 운동 게릴라 조직의 납치전에 대응해 기습작전을 감행하던 중 11명을 강제 실종시킨 혐의로 30년 형을 선고받았다.
폴락 연구원은 “콜롬비아 당국은 보안군이 건물 안에 있었던 이들의 강제 실종, 고문 및 사형을 감행했다는 확실한 증거가 있음에도 불구하고 이를 은폐하려 했다”며 “보안군에 의한 인권침해사례들에 대한 범죄 수사에 어느 정도 성과가 있었으나, 이는 대부분 강한 국제적 압박의 결과였다”고 말했다.
이어서 폴락 연구원은 “보안군 혹은 게릴라군에 의한 정의궁 기습사건 피해자들 대다수는 아직 정의를 회복하지 못했다”고 밝혔다.
Senior army officer convicted over Colombia disappearances
10 June 2010
Amnesty International has called on the Colombian authorities to ensure justice for all victims of a 1985 hostage situation at the Palace of Justice in Bogotá, which left over 100 people dead, following Wednesday’s landmark sentencing of a senior army officer for human rights violations. “With this groundbreaking ruling the victims’ families, who for almost a quarter of a century have campaigned for justice, have begun to break the silence that has for so long protected those responsible,” said Marcelo Pollack, Colombia researcher at Amnesty International. Luis Alfonso Plazas Vega faces 30 years in prison for the disappearance of 11 people in November 1985, when military forces stormed the headquarters of the judiciary where members of the 19th April Movement guerrilla group were holding those inside hostage. “The Colombian authorities tried to bury the truth about the Palace of Justice despite overwhelming evidence that members of the security forces orchestrated the enforced disappearance, torture and execution of some of those inside,” said Marcelo Pollack. “While there has been progress in several high profile criminal investigations into human rights violations committed by the security forces, these have largely been the result of intense international pressure,” said Marcelo Pollack. “The majority of victims of abuses committed during the Palace of Justice siege, either by the security forces or the guerrilla, have yet to see justice.” The Constitutional Court ruled in 1997 that human rights violations implicating members of the security forces should be investigated by the civilian justice system. Despite this ruling, military courts continue to seek jurisdiction over key cases where members of the security forces are implicated, while routinely failing to effectively investigate serious human rights violations committed by security officials. “The investigation into Luis Alfonso Plazas Vega was repeatedly delayed because of efforts by the military justice system to claim jurisdiction over the case,” said Marcelo Pollack. “These attempts only serve to sustain a culture of impunity, denying justice for the victims,” said Marcelo Pollack. Those involved in the investigation and the trial, including the judge presiding over the case and a lawyer representing the victims, have repeatedly received death threats. An appeal will follow Wednesday’s verdict while investigations are underway into retired army generals Iván Ramírez Quintero and Jesús Armando Arias Cabrales; and former army colonel Edilberto Sánchez Rubian, for their alleged responsibility in the 11 Palace of Justice disappearances.