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콩고민주공화국, 활동가의 죽음에 대한 조사에 있어 유엔의 협조 요청해야

국제앰네스티는 잘 알려진 인권 활동가의 죽음에 대한 신빙성 있는 조사를 위해 유엔과 협력하여 독립조사위원회를 설립할 것을 콩고 정부에 전했다.플로리베르 체베야 바히지레(Floribert Chebeya Bahizire)는 6월 2일 킨샤사(Kinshasa) 경찰들에 의해 소환되었다가 그 다음날 자신의 자동차에서 숨진 채 발견됐다. 운전사였던 피델레 반자나 에다디(Fidèle Bazana Edadi)는 아직까지 실종상태이다.

언론 보도에 따르면, 콩고민주공화국의 경찰청장을 맡고 있는 존 눔비(John Numbi) 장군은 지난 6일 차후 통보가 있을 때까지 정직됐다고 한다.

이번 사건과 관련해 3명의 경찰관이 체포됐다. 보도에 따르면 이들 중 한명인 경찰특별정보국 부국장 다니엘 무칼라이(Daniel Mukalayi) 대령이 그의 상사인 존 눔비 장군의 지시에 따라 플로리베르 체바야를 죽였다고 고백했다고 한다.

국제앰네스티 베로니크 오베르 (Veronique Aubert) 아프리카 부국장은 “콩고 당국이 체바야 씨의 유가족의 요구를 따라 독립 전문가에 의한 독립 수사에 착수해야 한다”며 “실종된 체바야 씨의 운전사의 행방에 대한 철저하고 중립적이며 독립적인 조사에도 착수하고, 이들의 가족들의 안전을 보장해야 한다”고 말했다.

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Democratic Republic of Congo urged to enlist UN to help investigate activist’s death

8 June 2010

Amnesty International has called on the Congolese government to set up an independent inquiry commission with the help of the United Nations (UN), to conduct a credible investigation into the death of a leading human rights activist.

Floribert Chebeya Bahizire was found dead in his car early on 2 June, a day after being summoned by the police in Kinshasa. His driver, Fidèle Bazana Edadi, is still missing.

According to media reports, the head of police in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC), General John Numbi, was suspended on Sunday until further notice.

Three police officers have also been arrested in connection with the killing. One of those held, Police Special Intelligence Services deputy Colonel Daniel Mukalayi, has reportedly confessed to killing Floribert Chebeya on the order of his superior General John Numbi.

“The authorities must answer the request made by Mr Chebeya’s family to carry out an independent autopsy by an independent expert,” said Veronique Aubert, deputy director of Amnesty International’s Africa Programme.

“They must also launch a thorough, impartial and independent Investigation into the whereabouts of Mr Chebeya’s missing driver and ensure that the families of both men are protected.”

In an open letter on Saturday, Amnesty International called on the president of the DRC, Joseph Kabila, to set up an independent inquiry commission with United Nations (UN) investigators and representatives of the Congolese civil society, to look into the killing.

Floribert Chebeya Bahizire was the executive director of one of Congo’s largest human rights organizations Voix des Sans Voix (VSV) and of the national network of human rights groups. He was lately working on a number of sensitive affairs involving the head of Police General John Numbi.

Mr Chebeya told Amnesty International on several occasions that he felt he had been followed and that he was under surveillance by the security services.

On the morning of 1 June, Mr Chebeya received a telephone call requesting his presence at the office of General John Numbi, the General Inspectorate of Police in Ligwala, Kinshasa. He left his offices at 5pm to go to the Inspectorate.

Amnesty International has observed increased oppression of human rights defenders in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the past year, including by illegal arrest, prosecution, phone threats and repeated summoning to the offices of the intelligence services.


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