국제앰네스티는 우즈베키스탄의 안디잔 학살 5주년을 맞이해 유럽연합(EU)에 우즈베키스탄에서 인권옹호자와 언론인들을 상대로 계속되고 있는 무력행동을 비판토록 촉구했다.
지난 2005년 5월 13일, 우즈베키스탄 정부군이 안디잔 중심가에서 활동하던 평화적 시위자들에게 총격을 가하면서 수백 명이 목숨을 잃었다. 이들 중에는 여성과 어린이도 있었다.
국제앰네스티 안드리아 후버(Andrea Huber) 유럽 부국장은 “아디잔에 대한 유럽 연합의 모순적 태도는 모든 결정의 중심에 인권을 두겠다는 대외정책의 신뢰도를 떨어뜨린다”며, “우즈베키스탄에 대해 확실하고 일관된 자세로 국제적 압력을 가해 학살에 대한 국제적이고 독립적인 조사가 진행되게끔 해야 한다”고 말했다.
이어 후버 부국장은 “유럽연합은 우즈베키스탄의 인권상황이 5년 전과 다를 바가 없이 나쁘다는 사실을 시급히 인식해야 한다”며, “용기 있는 언론인과 인권옹호자들이 학살에 대한 문제제기로 여전히 고통 당하고 있다”고 말했다.
그는 “유럽연합은 이를 단순히 무시할 수 없으며, 평상시와 다를 바 없이 우즈베키스탄과의 관계를 이어나갈 수는 없다”고 말했다.
EU must put pressure on Uzbekistan over Andizhan killings
12 May 2010
On the fifth anniversary of the Andizhan killings in Uzbekistan, Amnesty International has urged the European Union to strongly condemn continued attacks on human rights defenders and journalists in the country. Hundreds of people, including women and children, were killed on 13 May 2005 when government security forces fired on mainly peaceful demonstrators in the centre of Andizhan. In the aftermath, the Uzbekistani government clamped down on expression of dissent and tried to silence independent reporting on the event.
The response of the EU was an arms embargo that came into force in October 2005 and other targeted sanctions. The embargo, however, was lifted in October 2009 without a single reference to the need for an independent investigation into the killings – a key demand the decision to establish sanctions was centred on. In a letter to EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton, Amnesty International also seeks a public assurance that an urgent, independent and international investigation into the killings is still a foreign policy priority for the EU. “The European Union’s inconsistencies on Andizhan are harming the credibility of a foreign policy that should put human rights at the centre of any decision. There needs to be a clear and consistent approach which put international pressure on Uzbekistan to allow an international independent investigation of the killings,” said Andrea Huber, Europe Deputy Director at Amnesty International.
Uzbekistan has recently cited the lifting of the EU arms embargo as evidence that the matter of the investigation now is closed. Amnesty International believes that the human rights situation has continued to deteriorate since the events in May 2005 with human rights defenders and independent journalists increasingly being harassed, beaten and detained, although the authorities repeatedly deny this. Reports of torture or other ill-treatment in custody continue unabated. The case of Dilorom Abdukadirova, 44, a refugee in Australia, is particularly disturbing.
She fled to Kyrgyzstan after attending the Andizhan demonstration, leaving her husband and children behind. She returned in January this year after assurances by the authorities that nothing would happen to her but was immediately detained for four days upon arrival at the airport. In March she was detained once again and kept in a police cell for two weeks without access to a lawyer or her family. She was eventually brought to trial in April on anti-constitutional charges as well as of illegal exit from and entry to Uzbekistan for her participation in the Andizhan events.
She was sentenced to 10 years and two months imprisonment on 30 April in a trial that failed to meet international standards. “The human rights situation in Uzbekistan is still as bad as it was five years ago and the EU must recognize this immediately. Courageous individuals such as journalists and human rights defenders that still dare to raise the issue of the killings are suffering and the EU cannot simply ignore this and carry on in its relationship with Uzbekistan as if it is business as usual,” said Andrea Huber.