지난 4월 1일, 유럽인권재판소는 러시아 잉구슈족(Ingush) 바쉬르 무츠올고브(Bashir Mutsolgov)의 ‘강제실종’과 ‘사망가능성’에 대해 러시아 정부의 책임을 인정했다. 6년 간 가족들이 힘겹게 싸운 결과다.
교사인 바쉬르 무츠올고브는 지난 2003년 12월 학생과 대화를 나누던 중 무장한 남성들에게 잡혀 차로 끌려갔다. 당시 함께 있던 학생은 남성들에게 맞아 부상을 당했고, 무츠올고브는 6년이 지난 현재까지 실종 상태다.
유럽인권재판소는 이번 판결을 통해 러시아 정부가 바쉬르 무츠올고브의 실종 사건에 책임이 있으며, 그의 가족들에 대한 반인도적이고 모욕적인 대우와 관련해 실제적인 조사를 하지 않은 책임도 확인했다.
러시아에서 잉구슈족 인권 활동가들은 실종과 살해의 위험에 노출돼 있다. 실제로 무츠올고브의 친구인 티무르 얀디에브(Timur Yandiev)는 잉구셰티아 지역 러시아 연방 보안청의 인권 침해 사실을 폭로하려다 지난 2002년 실종됐다. 인권 활동가 마고메드 무츠올고브(Magomed Mutsolgov) 또한 총에 맞아 숨졌으나, 이에 대한 조사나 재판은 제대로 이루어지지 않았다.
국제앰네스티 니콜라 덕워스(Nicola Duckworth) 선임 국장은 유럽인권재판소의 이번 결정에 대해 “정의가 일부 실현 됐음을 보여준다”고 말했다. 그는 “러시아 정부는 이제 그 다음 단계, 즉 무츠올고브를 납치한 이들을 재판에 세우는 단계로 나아가야 한다”고 강조했다.
국제앰네스티는 “이들 인권 활동가들에게 일어난 인권 침해에 대해서 러시아 정부가 직접 나서서 조사해야 할 때”라고 지적하며, “러시아 정부가 ‘강제실종으로부터 모든 사람을 보호하기 위한 국제협약(UN Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances)’에 서명하고 비준할 것”을 촉구했다.
Russia urged to investigate disappearance of Ingushetian teacher
Friday 9 April 2010
Bashir Mutsolgov was dragged into a car by several armed men in December 2003. He has been missing ever since.Amnesty International has called on Russia to effectively investigate the fate of an Ingushetian teacher missing since 2003 after the European Court of Human Rights found the country’s authorities responsible for his disappearance in the territory.
The Court ruled on 1 April that the Russian state was to blame for the enforced disappearance and possible death of Bashir Mutsolgov, following a six-year fight for justice by his family.
“The Court’s decision means some justice has been done – they have recognized that Russia is responsible for the disappearance of Bashir Mutsolgov and that the continuous failure to conduct an effective investigation amounted to inhuman and degrading treatment of the family,” said Nicola Duckworth, Senior Director at Amnesty International.
“The Russian authorities now need to take the next step – to bring to justice those who abducted Bashir Mutsolgov”
Bashir Mutsolgov was speaking to one of his pupils in the small town of Karabulak on 18 December 2003 when several men emerged from a car, hit the boy with their assault rifles and dragged Bashir Mutsolgov into the car. He has been missing ever since.
His brother, Magomed Mutsolgov, undertook a determined search for information about Bashir’s whereabouts. He found he was not the only one whose relative had disappeared without trace.
Bashir’s friend, Timur Yandiev, disappeared in March 2004, as did the deputy prosecutor of Ingushetia, Rashid Ozdoev, whose family believe he was disappeared because he had uncovered human rights violations committed by the Federal Security Service of Ingushetia.
Magomed Mutsolgov set up his own human rights organization, Mashr (Peace), and over the last six years has collected information about 179 cases of abduction and enforced disappearance which have occurred since 2002.
The human rights work has led to him being threatened, along with others who sought his help. In 2008 he was shot at and one of his colleagues, Zurab Tsechoev, was abducted and ill-treated.
No one has been brought to justice for this attack, nor for the enforced disappearances of Bashir Mutsolgov and many others in Ingushetia.
These include Timur Yandiev, Rashid Ozdoev and other cases that Magomed Mutsolgov has taken up, as well as more recent disappearances, such as that of Ibragim Gazdiev in 2007.
“We have followed these cases of enforced disappearance for six years now, the relatives of those disappeared have never stopped looking for their sons and brothers and have appealed tirelessly to the Russian authorities to investigate these cases,” Nicola Duckworth, Senior Director at Amnesty International.
“It is time for Russia to commit to its obligation to investigate these human rights violations properly. In addition, the Russian authorities should sign and ratify the UN Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearances. We also take the opportunity to call on Russia to respect and protect human rights defenders and to investigate attacks against them.”
Ingushetia is a republic of 500,000 people in the Russian Federation, situated between Chechnya and North Ossetia.