이란인 모하메드 레자 알리-자마니(Mohammad Reza Ali-Zamani)와 아라쉬 라흐마니 푸어(Arash Rahma-nipour)는 불공정한 재판을 통해 “모하레브(신에게 대적한 죄)” 혐의로 유죄를 선고 받고, 지난달 28일 교수형을 당했다.
이들은 이란 군주제의 재건을 옹호하는 단체의 회원으로, 이 단체는 활동이 금지된 바 있다.
이란 언론 보도에 따르면, 사법부 차석 에브라힘 라이시(Ebrahim Raisi)는 지난주 2명이 처형된 이들에 이어 시위에 연루돼 체포된 9명 또한 “곧” 처형될 것이라고 말했다.
이란 사법부는 계속되는 시위를 멈추기 위해 더 많은 야당 지지자들을 처형하라는 정치적 압력을 받고 있는 것으로 알려졌다.
국제앰네스티는 다음 시위가 예상되는 이슬람 혁명 31주년 기념일인 2월 11일 이전에 이들에 대한 처형이 집행될 상황을 우려하며, 이란 정부에 이들을 처형하지 말라고 강력히 요구했다.
Nine at risk of execution over Iran protests
Amnesty International has urged the Iranian authorities not to execute nine people sentenced to death who were arrested in relation to the protests that followed last year’s disputed presidential election.
The organization said it fears the Iranian authorities are planning to execute some or all of the nine in public before 11 February, the anniversary of the 1979 Islamic Revolution, when further protests are expected.
According to Iranian media reports, Deputy Judiciary Head Ebrahim Raisi said on Monday that, after the execution of two men last week, the nine others will be executed “soon”.
“Those sentenced did not have had a fair trial,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director. “They were denied access to a lawyer in the initial stages of their detention, and some or all appear to have been coerced into giving confessions.. It is also not clear whether those condemned have been able to exercise their right to appeal.”
Iran’s judiciary is reported to be under political pressure to execute more opposition supporters to end the continuing protests.
Mohammad Reza Ali-Zamani and Arash Rahmanipour were hanged in public last Thursday after being convicted in unfair trials of “enmity against God” and being members of Anjoman-e Padeshahi-e Iran (API), a banned group which advocates the restoration of an Iranian monarchy.
They were the first executions known to be related to the post-election violence that erupted across Iran in June and has continued since.
“Executing people in public further adds to the already cruel, inhuman and degrading nature of the death penalty,” said Hassiba Hadj Sahraoui. “It can only have a dehumanizing effect on the person sentenced to death and a brutalizing effect on those who witness the execution, including the relatives.”
Mohammad Reza Ali-Zamani and Arash Rahmanipour were convicted by Tehran’s Revolutionary Court in October. Iran executed at least 14 people in public in 2009.
At least two of the nine others on death row, Naser Abdolhasani and Reza Kazemi, were sentenced to death in similar post-election “show trials”. The identity of the other seven is unknown.
According to Iranian officials, over 40 people have died in demonstrations since the election, which were violently repressed by the security forces. Amnesty International believes the number to be much higher. More than 5,000 people have been arrested, many of whom were tortured or otherwise ill-treated.
Scores have been sentenced to prison terms, and in some cases flogging, after unfair trials, and at least 12 have been sentenced to death. One man – Hamed Rouhinejad – had his death sentence commuted to a 10-year prison term on appeal in January 2010.