러시아 당국의 인권 침해 실태를 고발했던 변호사 스타니슬라프 마르켈로프(Stanislav Markelov)와 기자 아나스타샤 바부로바(Anastasia Baburova)가 피살된 지 일년.
국제앰네스티는 붙잡힌 살인 용의자들이 공개된 공정한 재판을 통해 법의 심판을 받아야만 한다고 주장했다. 더불어 현지 인권활동가들에 대한 박해를 멈출 것을 러시아 정부에 요구했다.
인권 변호사 마르켈로프는 전직 러시아 전차부대장이 체첸 소녀를 살해한 혐의로 구속됐다 풀려난 것에 항의하며 작년 초 소송을 제기했다.
그는 이에 대한 기자 회견을 마치고 난 직후, 모스코 대로변에서 총격을 받아 숨졌다. 러시아 주요 신문사인 노바야 가제타(Novaya Gazeta) 기자 바부로바 또한 당시 마르켈로프와 동행했다 변을 당했다.
러시아에서는 지난 2006년 체첸 인권 문제를 보도해 오다 피살된 노바야 가제타 기자 안타 폴리트코프스카야(Anna Politkovskaya)를 포함해 무장 괴한의 공격으로 숨진 인권활동가와 언론인이 수십 명에 달하지만, 살인범을 제대로 재판에 넘긴 경우는 거의 없다.
국제앰네스티는 마르켈로프 피살 사건과 관련해 붙잡힌 살인 용의자 2명에 대한 재판을 촉구 하는 동시에, 현지 인권활동가들에 대한 박해를 멈출 것을 러시아 정부에 요구했다.
Ukraine must not forcibly extradite Chechen man to Russia
Amnesty International has urged the Ukrainian authorities not to extradite to Russia a Chechen refugee amid fears he would be at risk of torture and other grave human rights violations.
Ahmed Chataev, who had reportedly been tortured by Russian forces after he was detained in Chechnya during fighting in 2000, was visiting Ukraine with a valid visa when he was detained by police on 3 January.
Amnesty International’s research into previous comparable cases suggests the charges could be related to allegations of terrorism.
Many Chechen men have allegedly been tortured and ill-treated by the Russian security forces to extract “confessions”.
Amnesty International and other human rights organizations working in the region are concerned that many Chechens in the Russian Federation have been charged with crimes such as participating in illegal armed groups or acts of terrorism on the basis of “confessions” extracted under torture.
The organization has also accused Ukraine of repeatedly violating the rights of refugees and asylum-seekers, in breach of its obligations under international human rights and refugee law.
The authorities made several attempts to forcibly return Lema Susarov, an ethnic Chechen, to Russia, even though he was recognized as a refugee by UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and would have been at risk of torture if returned. He was released in July 2008 and allowed to take up an offer of asylum in Finland.
Most recently, on 28 November, Ukraine deported eight Afghan nationals to Dubai. The group of three adults and five children aged between three and 15 years tried to join a family member granted refugee status in the UK Ahmed Chataev was granted refugee status in Austria on 24 November 2003 and has lived there for several years with his wife and three children, a 4-year old girl, a 5-year-old boy, both born in Austria, and a 7-year-old boy born in Chechnya. Ahmed Chataev’s wife will give birth to another child in August.
He was wounded in the arm and stomach during fighting in Urus Martan in Chechnya in 2000, but before he could be taken to hospital he fell into the hands of Russian forces.
He was reportedly subjected to torture including electric shocks despite being very badly wounded. His arm was subsequently amputated. He and his family then fled to Austria via Azerbaijan.
Amnesty International has reminded the Ukrainian authorities that as a state party to the 1951 Geneva Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, they must not forcefully return refugees or asylum-seekers to any country where they would face a serious risk of the death penalty, torture or other grave human rights abuses.